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Famous monastery of the Cistercian Order in a wooded valley behind the community Eltville-Hattenheim in the Rheingau, Augustinian canons first settled here in 1116. In 1135, Cistercian monks from the mother monastery of Clairvaux (Champagne) settled in the area, which is considered the year the monastery was founded. They supposedly brought that too Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir) and other varieties with. The first phase of construction of the monastery took place in the period 1145 to 1160, the second from 1170 to 1186 and the expansion of the monastery building in stone took place from 1190 to 1230. In the 12th century the Taunus slopes were cleared, at the beginning of the 13th century the vineyards corresponded as of today. Around 1500, Eberbach Abbey had 700 acres of vineyards; the monks had more than half of the proceeds sold.

In the Middle Ages, more red wine than white wine was generally grown in all German winegrowing areas, often in the Mixed sentence, The Pinot Noir in the Rheingau was first mentioned in a foundation in 1470, when the Eberbach monks received a “Clebroit-Wyngart” in the Hattenheim district (Klebrot is a synonym for the Pinot Noir). In 1463 the St. Jakob monastery in Mainz demanded that its tenants remove all red sticks and "replace them". The reason was that the Rheingau winegrowers and especially the Eberbach Monastery had a lively wine trade in Cologne. There they were exposed to strong French competition. Therefore, the focus was mainly on the cultivation of white varieties, especially Riesling.

Eberbach - Eberbach Monastery Cabinet Cellar

The monks practiced viticulture professionally. With its branches on the Rhine, the monastery developed into the most important winegrowing company in the world. In 1245 the historic wine cellar was built, which is known today as the "cabinet cellar". In 1712 part of this cellar, where the best wines were stored, became the quality concept Cabinet used for the first time. The Romanesque state was restored from 1935 to 1938, and today Eberbach is one of the best-preserved medieval monastery complexes. In 1803, in the course of Napoleonic wars the property secularized and underwent several changes of ownership.

The monastery and vineyards have been owned by the Hessian state wineries, The most famous single location is the Steinberg in Hattenheim. This was the favorite vineyard of the monks and was already listed in the goods directory "Oculus Memorie" in 1211. The company stores special wine rarities in the monastery cellars. Every year one of the VDP Rheingau (formerly Charter Rheingau) organized auction instead, in the model of the Hospices de Beaune the wines of the state winery and of noble neighboring goods are auctioned for charitable purposes. Of the German Wine Academy Wine seminars are held here regularly. In the winter of 1985/86, a large part of the interior of the film “The Name of the Rose” (starring Sean Connery) was made in the Eberbach Abbey based on Umberto Eco's bestseller.

Cabinet basement: from User Uli to wikivoyage shared, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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