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Eberbach

Famous monastery of the Cistercian Order in a woody valley behind the village Eltville-Hattenheim in the Rheingau, A first settlement in this place was made by Augustinian Canons in 1116. In 1135, Cistercian monks of the mother monastery Clairvaux (Champagne) populated the area, which is considered the founding year of the monastery. Supposedly, they also brought the Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir) and other varieties with. The first construction phase of the monastery took place in the period 1145 to 1160, the second from 1170 to 1186 and the construction of the monastery building in stone was from 1190 to 1230th In the 12th century, the Taunushänge were cleared, at the beginning of the 13th century corresponded to the vineyards at the present state. Around 1500 Kloster Eberbach owned 700 acres of vineyards; The monks sold more than half of the proceeds.

In the Middle Ages, more red wine than white wine was generally cultivated in all German wine regions, often in the Mixed sentence, The Spätburgunder in the Rheingau is first mentioned in 1470 in a foundation, then the Eberbach monks received a "Clebroit Wyngart" in the district Hattenheim (Klebrot is synonymous with the Pinot Noir). The Mainz monastery St. Jacob demanded in 1463 from his tenants to remove all red sticks and "put wysse to the place (to)". The reason was that the Rheingau winemakers and especially the monastery Eberbach drove a busy wine trade in Cologne. There, however, they were exposed to the strong French competition. Therefore, they focused mainly on the cultivation of white varieties especially Riesling.

The monks practiced viticulture professionally. The monastery developed with its offshoots on the Rhine, so to speak, the most important wine-growing business in the world. In 1245, the historic wine cellar was built, now known as the Cabinet Cellar. In 1712, starting from a part of this cellar, in which the best wines were stored, the quality concept Cabinet first used. From 1935 to 1938, the Romanesque state was restored, today Eberbach is one of the best preserved medieval monasteries. In 1803 was in the course of Napoleonic Wars the property secularized and experienced several ownership changes.

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