The red variety (also Ezhiodola) is a new breed between Abouriou x Tinta da Madeira ( Negramoll ). The Basque name means "blood brother". According to 2007 done DNA analysis has the parentage specified in the breed list Fer Servadou x Abouriou proved wrong. The crossing took place on behalf of the INRA in 1954 by the breeder Pierre Marcel Durquéty (* 1923) with the support of the university Montpellier, The variety protection was granted in 1978. The early-ripening, high-yielding vine is generally resistant to disease. It produces deep dark, tannin and alcohol rich but rather low-acid reds with raspberry flavor. The variety is mainly used for blends in many départements of Southwest France used. The acreage in 2010 was 271 hectares with a strong falling trend. There are more stocks in Spain and Switzerland, such as Brazil (99 ha) and Uruguay (3 ha).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)