The red grape variety (also Ezhiodola) is a new breed between Abouriou x Tinta da Madeira ( Negramoll ). The Basque name means "blood brother". According to 2007 DNA analysis has the parenthood specified in the breeding list Fer Servadou x Abouriou found to be wrong. The crossing was carried out on behalf of the INRA in 1954 by the breeder Pierre Marcel Durquéty (* 1923) with the support of the university Montpellier, The variety protection was granted in 1978. The early ripening, productive vine is generally resistant to diseases. It produces deep dark, tannin and alcohol rich but rather low acid red wines with raspberry aroma. The variety is mainly used for blends in many departments of Southwest France used. The area under cultivation in 2010 was 271 hectares with a strongly falling trend. There are further stocks in Spain and Switzerland, such as Brazil (99 ha) and Uruguay (3 ha).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)