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Viticulture in Egypt is already many thousands of years old, although this area is not among the cradles of viticulture Mesopotamia or Transcaucasia is counted. An early Egyptian wine culture is evidenced by numerous paintings in grave chambers with wine motifs and depictions of wine making. Such finds date back to the 5th dynasty, ie until 2500 BC. Back. A well-known example is the one shown in the picture from the tomb of Chaemwese in Thebes around 1450 BC. There are various wine making steps such as grape picking and fermentation in containers, as well as the loading of a ship with amphorae shown:

Painting from the tomb of Chaemwese in Thebes around 1450 BC Chr. With motives of the vintage and winemaking

In other pictures that will pounding The grape goods were shown with feet, with the workers clinging to bar just above head height. Most of the finds come from the modern city of Luxor in Upper Egypt, the ancient capital of the empire, called by the Greeks "hundred-torn Thebes". A private winery is described in inscriptions from the tomb of Metjen, a senior official in the 4th dynasty (2620-2500 BCE). In Saqqara, in the Nile delta, he owned a large estate with vineyards, which are described in the inscription as follows: A very large pond was created, figs and grapes were planted. Trees and grapes were planted in large quantities and a lot of wine was made from it .

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