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Capital of the Austrian state Burgenland or the wine-growing region of the same name, to which the municipalities St. Georgen in the east (the Grinzing von Eisenstadt) and Kleinhöflein in the west. The city is located on the southern slope of the Leitha Mountains. It was first mentioned in documents in 1264. In 1648 Eisenstadt was raised to the Free City and paid for it with 16,000 guilders and 3,000 buckets of wine worth 9,000 guilders. The princely family Esterházy received in 1622 by Emperor Ferdinand II (1578-1637) pledged the lordships of Eisenstadt and Forchtenstein. The famous composer Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) entered the service of Esterházy in 1761. At this time, wine was exported from Eisenstadt to Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia and Poland. The "Princely Esterházy castle winery" is still the largest Burgenland winery today. In Eisenstadt there is the central examination office for the issue of the State test number,

Eisenstadt - Esterházy Haydn Palace and Joseph Haydn

The vineyards of Eisenstadt formerly all belonged to the wine-growing region Neusiedlersee-Hügelland. In 2016, a restructuring took place in which the former winegrowing area was abandoned and (not congruent) by the DAC area Leithaberg was replaced. The vineyards cover about 850 hectares of vineyards on sandy clay with varying levels of lime, which are 80% with white wines such as Green Valtellina. Riesling. Müller-Thurgau and Chardonnay, as well as to 20% with red wines like Blaufränkisch. Zweigelt and Cabernet Sauvignon are planted. Dominant is the Pannonian climate. Well-known vineyards (in St. Georgen) are Angerl, Hummelbühel, Huszarl, Kogel, Jungfrau and Krainer (with Subriede clay pit). Well-known producers are Esterházy. Emperor Rudolf. Moser Hans. Nehrer Johann. Renowned wineries Burgenland and Tinhof Erwin,

Esterházy Palace: Picture of Tibor Király on Pixabay
Joseph Haydn: By Thomas Hardy , Public, Link

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