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Capital of the Austrian state Burgenland or the wine region of the same name, to which the municipalities belong St. Georgen in the east (the Grinzing von Eisenstadt) and Kleinhöflein in the west. The city lies on the southern slope of the Leitha Mountains. It was first mentioned in documents in 1264. In 1648 Eisenstadt was raised as a free city and paid for it with 16,000 guilders and 3,000 buckets of wine worth 9,000 guilders. The Princely Family Esterházy was pledged in 1622 by Emperor Ferdinand II (1578-1637) to the lords of Eisenstadt and Forchtenstein. The famous composer Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) entered the service of the Esterházys in 1761. At that time, wine was exported from Eisenstadt to Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia and Poland. The "Fürstlich Esterházy'sche Schlossweingut" is still the largest Burgenland winery. The central examination center for the issuing of the State test number,

Eisenstadt - Esterházy Haydn Castle and Joseph Haydn

The Eisenstadt vineyards used to belong to the Neusiedlersee-Hügelland wine region. In 2016 there was a restructuring in which the former wine-growing region was abandoned and (not congruently) by the DAC division Leithaberg was replaced. The vineyards cover around 850 hectares of vines on sandy clay with different lime content, which are 80% like white wines Green Valtellina. Riesling. Müller-Thurgau and Chardonnay, as well as 20% with red wines such as Blaufränkisch. Zweigelt and Cabernet Sauvignon are planted. The Pannonian climate is dominant. Well-known vineyards (in St. Georgen) are Angerl, Hummelbühel, Huszarl, Kogel, Jungfrau and Krainer (with Subriede clay pit). Well-known producers are Esterházy. Emperor Rudolf. Moser Hans. Johann Nehrer. Renowned wineries Burgenland and Tinhof Erwin,

Esterházy Castle: Image by Tibor Király from Pixabay
Joseph Haydn: By Thomas Hardy , public domain, link

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