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Eiximenis Francisc

The Spanish monk and writer Francisc (Francesc) Eiximenis (1340-1409) entered the order of the Franciscan Minorites in Barcelona around 1350. A year before his death he became Bishop of Elna in today Roussillon (France). He is one of the authors who have been read, copied, published and translated the most. He had great influence in the literary as well as in the political field. On the cover of his book "Regiment de la cosa pública", published in 1499, he is depicted with the book in hand. His most famous work is the encyclopedia "Lo Crestià" (The Christian) about Christian life, of which a page can be seen at the bottom right. However, only four of the 13 planned volumes were completed. In the third book "Terc" he deals with the in great detail alcoholism and sets strict standards for "decent wine drinking" in terms of quantities and table manners. Everyone has their own mug in their hands, which is what they do hygienic Argued against the custom of walking around a tankard.

Francisc Eiximenis - Cover from

The author knows about the positive ones health-giving Characteristics of the wine with limited enjoyment, but it strongly moralizes to moderation and thinks that drunkenness leads to all imaginable vices. As a measure, he sets three cups for lunch and dinner, never more than four. Under no circumstances should you drink between meals. Only his Catalan compatriots adhered to this reasonable measure, all other peoples except the Italians drink far too much. Eiximenis recommends strong, sweet white wines (especially malmsey ) from the Mediterranean from the islands Crete and Mallorca that was then about the Greek port Monemvasia were shipped. He clearly prefers Italian wines to French wines and cites a "tribia" (possibly Trebbiano ). He strongly advises mixing strong wine with water and cites Spanish as an example Priorato out Tarragona (Catalonia).

Cover page: By Francesc Eiximenis, public domain, link
Lo Crestià: From Unknown, Public Domain, Link

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