The Spanish monk and writer Francisc (Francesc) Eiximenis (1340-1409) entered the Order of the Franciscan Minorites in Barcelona around 1350. A year before his death he became bishop of Elna in today Roussillon (France). He is considered one of the authors most read, copied, published and translated. He had great influence in the literary as well as in the political sphere. On the cover page of his 1499 published book "Regiment de la cosa pública" he is pictured with the book in his hand. His most famous work is the encyclopedia "Lo Crestià" (The Christian) about the Christian life, of which one page can be seen on the bottom right. Of the 13 planned volumes but only four were completed. In the third book "Terc" he deals in great detail with the alcoholism and sets strict standards for "decent wine drinking" in terms of quantities and table manners. Each one has his own cup in his hand, which he uses hygienic Reasons against the custom of Rundumgehen a hump uttered.
The author knows about the positive health-giving Characteristics of wine with limited enjoyment, but he advises strong moralizing to temperance and believes that drunkenness leads to all imaginable vices. As a measure, he sets three cups each for lunch and dinner, no more than four. Between meals should not be drunk. Only his Catalan compatriots adhered to this reasonable measure, all other peoples besides the Italians drink far too much. Eiximenis recommends strong, sweet white wines (especially malmsey ) from the Mediterranean from the islands Crete and Mallorca that at that time over the Greek harbor Monemvasia were shipped. He clearly gives preference to Italian wines over French and gives as an example a "Tribia" (possibly Trebbiano ). He strongly advises mixing strong wine with water, citing the Spanish as an example Priorato out Tarragona (Catalonia).