The entire AVA area of the same name in the region Sierra Foothills in California, The name derives from the gold discoveries that triggered the gold rush in this region from 1850. The vineyards lie at 450 to 900 meters above sea level on soils of volcanic origin. There is a Mediterranean climate with a mild, mostly humid winter and warm, dry summer. Above all, the red wine varieties are here Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot. Syrah, Malbec ( Cot ) and Pinot Noir, as well as the white wine varieties Chardonnay. Riesling. Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon cultured. To the south are the AVA areas Fiddletown and California Shenandoah Valley. Well-known wineries are Boeger, Lava Cap and Madroña.