DOC area for a wide range of red, rosé and white wines on the 223 km² Mediterranean island between Corsica and the eastern Italian mainland with the main town of Portoferraio. Elba is part of the Italian region Tuscany
(Province of Livorno). It was the first place of exile of the French Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) from 1814 to 1815. In ancient times, here the wine had great economic importance and Pliny the Elder
(24-79) described the island as "rich in wines". Until the beginning of the 20th century, around a quarter of the cultivable area was still planted with vines. Today there are only about 200 hectares of vineyards.
(also as Spumante
) will be out Trebbiano Toscano
(10-70%), Ansonica = Inzolia
and or Vermentino
(10-70%), as well as other approved varieties (maximum 30%) blended. The Bianco Passito
is made from Ansonica and / or Moscato = Muscat Blanc
and / or Trebbiano Toscano and / or Vermentino (for 70%) and other authorized varieties (maximum 30%). The Rosato
is out Sangiovese
(to 60%), as well as other approved varieties (max 40%, of which max 20% white) blended. The Rosso
(also as Riserva
) consists of Sangiovese (to 60%).
The varietal wines
must contain at least 85% of the respective variety, that is Ansonica (also known as Passito
), Moscato Passito (this 100%), Trebbiano or the game Procanico
, Sangiovese or Sangioveto (a rose) and Vermentino. The White Vin Santo
is produced like the Bianco. The rosé-colored Vin Santo Occhio di Pernice
is blended from Sangiovese (60%) and other approved varieties (40% maximum, of which 20% are white).
Of the Elba Aleatico Passito
(Aleatico Passito dell'Elba) was classified in 2010 as DOCG.