DOC area for a wide range of red, rosé and white wines on the 223 km² Mediterranean island between Corsica and the eastern Italian mainland with the main town Portoferraio. Elba belongs to the Italian region Tuscany
(Province of Livorno). It was the first place of exile by the French Emperor Napoleon (1769-1821) from 1814 to 1815. In ancient times wine was of great economic importance here Pliny the Elder
(24-79) described the island as "rich in wines". Until the beginning of the 20th century, around a quarter of the cultivable area was planted with vines. Today there are only around 200 hectares of vineyards left.
(also called Spumante
) is made Trebbiano Toscano
(10-70%), Ansonica = Inzolia
and or Vermentino
(10-70%), as well as other approved varieties (max. 30%) blended. The Bianco Passito
is made from Ansonica and / or Moscato Muscat Blanc
and / or Trebbiano Toscano and / or Vermentino (70%), as well as other approved varieties (max. 30%). The rosato
is out Sangiovese
(60%) and other approved varieties (max. 40%, of which max. 20% white) are blended. The Rosso
(also called Riserva
) consists of Sangiovese (60%).
The varietal wines
must contain at least 85% of the respective variety, that is Ansonica (also as Passito
), Moscato Passito (this 100%), Trebbiano or the type of game Procanico
, Sangiovese or Sangioveto (a rosé) and Vermentino. The White Vin Santo
is produced like the Bianco. The rose-colored Vin Santo Occhio di Pernice
is blended from Sangiovese (60%) and other approved varieties (max. 40%, of which max. 20% white).
The Elba Aleatico Passito
(Aleatico Passito dell'Elba) was classified as DOCG in 2010.