The white grape variety comes from Germany. Around 125 Synonyms testify to the old age and the once widespread use. The most important are Aelbinen, Albich, Burgegger, Elbling Blanc, Frankenthaler, Grobriesling, Großriesling, Grüner Heunisch, Kleinberger, Kleinburger, Rheinalben, debt payer, Silberweiß, Weißer Elbling , Weißer Silvaner, Weißstock ( Germany ); Burger, Burgauer, Rheinelbe ( Alsace ); Allemand Blanc, Allemand Falcun, Alsacien, Gonais Blanc, Gros Blanc, Lausanois, Mouillet, Plant Madame, Raisin Blanc des Allemands, Tarant de Bohème, Verdin Blanc ( France ); Raifrench ( Luxembourg ); Burger Elbling, Alsatian, Haussard, Ysèle ( Switzerland ).
Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Gouais Blanc (Kleinberger) Gros Blanc. Pedro Ximénez or Sylvaner be confused. The variety used to be in California Monbadon (Burger) mistakenly called Elbling. But there are other varieties with the name part Elbling. According to Dr. Erika Maul ( Julius Kühn Institute ) the following five Elbling varieties are genetically differentiated. Confusingly, some of them have identical or at least very similar synonyms:
According to Dr. Ferdinand Regner DNA analysis carried out in 1998 is White Elbling from a presumably natural cross between (Vitis vinifera sylvestris x Traminer ) x White Heisch ( Gouais Blanc ) emerged. Incidentally, this is also the case with Riesling supposed. It should be noted, however, that Gouais Blanc, but the participation of wild grape and Traminer are not secured. It is interesting in the context, however, that the old synonyms Grobriesling and Großriesling would fit the thesis. The variety was a cross partner for the varieties Bronner grape. Elbriesling. Huxelrebe. Pinot Salomon and Sulmer,
The two Roman wine authors Columella and Pliny the Elder (23-79) have a vine called in their works Vitis albuelis (Vitis alba, Uva alba). For this reason, there is a hypothesis that this could be an ancestor and that the Elbling was brought back from Italy by the Romans in the fourth century and was grown on the Moselle. One could derive “Elbling” from the Latin “albus” (white). Of course, this can no longer be verified, but is obsolete due to the partly clarified parentage. In any case, Elbling is one of the oldest grape varieties in Central Europe.
The variety was first mentioned in 1483 under the name Aelbinen in connection with the vineyards of the Bebenhausen monastery in Kriegsberg in Stuttgart together with Frennsch (see Frankish ) and Traminer called. The botanist Hieronymus buck (1498-1554) mentions Elbling in 1546 in his "Kreütter book" as "Albich" and "Albichdraub". In the Middle Ages it was still the most common variety in Germany, it is believed that around 1800 75% of the vineyard area was covered with Elbling. From then on he became of the strongly emerging varieties Riesling and Sylvaner repressed. However, it was still widespread until the 19th century and stood with some other varieties such as Weißer Heunisch as Mixed sentence in the vineyard. He came to Switzerland via Alsace.
The early ripening vine is susceptible to both mildews. Botrytis and stem necrosis, It provides acidic white wines for quick enjoyment, which are well suited for sparkling wine production. In Germany the Elbling 2009 with 576 hectares of vineyards was almost exclusively in the growing area Moselle represented, there are still small areas in to bathe and Saxony, In 1986 the "Association of Friends of the Elbling Wine Obermosel eV" was founded to maintain the image and the 0.2 liter "Elblingbecher" with an engraved Elbling grape was created. Small stocks also exist in France in Alsace and in Lorraine, In Luxembourg it was practically the only vine at the end of the 19th century, today it is cultivated under the name Räifrench on over 100 hectares and processed into sparkling wine. There is also a mini stock in the Switzerland (Canton Bern).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)