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22.776 Keywords • 48.499 Synonyms • 5.298 Translations • 7.909 Pronunciations • 151.251 Cross-references

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electroporation (GB)

Novel technology, especially in red wine preparation, to an intense extraction of the phenols (Dyes and tannins) to reach from the grape skins. The procedure was developed by the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and the Weinbauinstitut Freiburg developed in close cooperation with several wineries. The de-stemmed berries are exposed to short electrical impulses (around 10 to 15 per second) with a voltage of up to 300,000 volts. As a result, the cell membranes of the skins become permeable and the substances emerge. The process is completed within a few hours, so much faster and gentler than the conventional maceration, Whether this new, innovative process for winemaking is suitable and also receives a license, requires further investigation. Other already proven extraction methods include Autovinifikation. Maceration. mash heating. Rotofermentation and overpumping,

Complete listings of the numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as the wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,

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