Short name for Eco-Management and Audit Scheme, also known as EU Eco-Audit or Eco-Audit. EMAS was developed by the EU develops and is a community system of environmental management and environmental auditing for organizations that want to improve their environmental performance. EMAS is considered one of the so-called "New environmental policy instruments" (NEPI - new environmental policy instruments). The great strength of EMAS lies in the measurement and publication of the environmental impact of the company, in order to achieve this sustainable Improve development. This works both in terms of pure environmental protection and from the point of view of improving eco-efficiency, which, for. B. by reducing unnecessary material flows can increase economic and ecological performance (eco-efficiency).
Organizations participating in EMAS must publish an environmental statement in which they report, among other things, on their effects on the environment (directly or indirectly), their environmental performance and their environmental goals. The environmental statement is checked for accuracy by an independent environmental verifier, which is subject to state monitoring, and must be updated annually (small and medium-sized companies biennially). At the latest every three years, the environmental verifier reviews the environmental management system, compliance with environmental policy, compliance with legal regulations and a consolidated environmental statement as part of the so-called revalidation. Organizations that have been successfully checked and certified can be registered in the EMAS register (in Germany this is done by the responsible chambers of industry and commerce as well as the chambers of handicrafts) and are allowed to use the EMAS logo for their environmental protection. See also for the topic under the keywords Organic viticulture and sustainability,