Quality term (producer bottling) in the Spanish DOCa area Rioja; look there.
Geographically, this is probably the best-known wine growing area Spain The majority of the 62,000 hectares of vineyards are in the north-eastern Spanish province of La Rioja, but some of them are also in the provinces Basque country (Alavesa subzone) and Navarra (Parts of subzone Rioja Baja). The area has a very old wine-growing history. Numerous fermentation tanks hewn out of stone have been preserved, which are already used in winegrowing antiquity testify. The Guardaviñas occurring in Rioja Alta in Ábalos, Briones and San Asensio are typical. These dome-like stone structures were used as a refuge for winegrowers and their farm animals used in bad weather and for monitoring crops.
The effort to origin -Designation and exquisite quality have a long tradition. As early as 1560, the winegrowers decided on a uniform brand for their barrels to guarantee the identity of the wines from this area. In 1635, the mayor of Logroño even banned the carriage of vehicles through streets with wine cellars. This was due to the concern that vibrations caused by vehicles could damage the grape spoil and impair the maturation process of the wines. The first written reference to one quality control dates from 1650. In 1787, the "Real Sociedad Económica de Cosecheros de Rioja" (Royal Business Association of Rioja Winegrowers) was founded to cultivate wine, winemaking and wine trade to promote. At the beginning of the 19th century, the custom of Batalla del Vino (Battle of Wine), this big city festival is still celebrated annually.
One of the Rioja pioneers was Marques Camilo Hurtado de Amézaga (1827-1888), who built a bodega based on the Bordeaux model at his winery in 1860 and vines from the Bordeaux planted. After phylloxera invasion In the middle of the 19th century, many French winegrowers emigrated to this area and gave French wine-making impulses. In 1902 there was a royal decree with the definition of the origin for the Rioja wines and a labeling rule. A control council founded in 1926 was given the task of limiting the Rioja area, monitoring the issuance of a “guarantee seal” and protecting the Rioja name.
In 1953, the Rioja Denomination of Origin Control Council was founded on the basis of organoleptic samples and analytical Studies check whether the wine meets the strict regulations. In 1991, a ministerial decree gave the Rioja region of origin the attribute "calificada" (qualified), making it the first highest Spanish quality level DOCa,
The name derives from the river Oja (Rio Oja). The over 100 km long area is located on both banks of the Ebro and on the slopes of the adjacent hills. The climate is mild, with a short summer and a beautiful autumn. The traditional form of education is the bush-shaped En Vaso ( gobelet ), but wire frame education is becoming increasingly popular. The huge Rioja area is divided into three subzones, which also differ in terms of soil conditions and wine quality; Rioja Alta is considered the best:
The 24,000 hectare vineyard zone with the city of Haro as a wine center is located south of the Ebro River and west of the provincial capital Logroño in the province of La Rioja. The climate is influenced by hot summers, mild autumns and cool winters under the influence of the Atlantic. The vineyards lie on sediment soils mixed with lime and iron-containing alumina. The dominant variety is Tempranillo,...