The region with the capital Bologna is in the north Italy, It extends from the Adriatic Sea in the east with the Romagna area to the inland area of Emilia in the west. In the north, the Po forms the border with the region Lombardy, in the south the Apennines form the almost 300 km long border with the regions Liguria and Tuscany, The western part of Emilia was divided into the Duchies of Parma and Modena, which were a constant bone of contention between the Habsburgs and the Bourbons. The name derives from Via Aemilia, which dates back to 187 BC. It was created by the Romans to connect the two cities of Piacenza and Rimini.
The eastern part Romagna belonged to the Papal States for several centuries, but the original name Romania dates back to the Lombard period. Numerous agricultural products are produced in the extremely fertile Po Valley. Around Modena the famous Balsamic vinegar produced according to centuries-old tradition. The two provinces of Reggio Emilia and Parma are home to the equally famous Parmigiano Reggiano cheese, the genuine Parmesan cheese, which is protected from origin.
The vineyards cover 52,000 hectares. Two thirds are in the large alluvial land, but the best areas are in the hills on the southern border at the foot of the Apennines. Important types of white wine are Albana. Biancame. Biancolella. Garganega. Malvasia Bianca di Candia. Malvasia di Candia Aromatica, Moscato Bianco ( Muscat Blanc ), Montuni ( Montù ) Mostosa. Müller-Thurgau. Ortrugo, Pagadebit ( Bombino Bianco ), Pinot Bianco ( Pinot Blanc ), Pinot Grigio ( Pinot gris ), Rébola or Grechetto Gentile ( Pignoletto ), Riesling Italico ( Riesling ), Sauvignon ( Sauvignon Blanc ) Trebbiano Modenese. Trebbiano Romagnolo and Trebbiano Toscano,
Important red wine varieties are Ancellotta. Barbera, Bonarda ( Croatina ) Cabernet Franc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay. Ciliegiolo. Fogarina, Lambrusco a Foglia Frastagliata ( enantio ) Lambrusco Barghi. Lambrusco di Sorbara. Lambrusco grass parossa. Lambrusco Maestri. Lambrusco Marani. Lambrusco Montericco. Lambrusco Oliva. Lambrusco Peduncolo Rosso. Lambrusco Salamino. Lambrusco Viadanese. Longanesi. Malbo Gentile. Merlot. Montepulciano, Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ) Sangiovese, Uva d'Oro ( Fortana ) and Syrah,
The Emilia area is mostly through Frizzante and Spumante, the sparkling or foaming red and rosé wines from different Lambrusco varieties known to be mostly drinkable and young to drink mass wines be generated. However, the quality has improved significantly due to stricter DOC regulations. In Romagna it is mainly the red wines that are characteristic Sangiovese the style. The nine IGT areas (or IGP - the country wines) of the region are Bianco di Castelfranco Emilia, Emilia or dell'Emilia, Forlì, Fortana del Taro, Ravenna, Rubicone, Sillaro or Bianco del Sillaro, Terre di Veleja and Val Tidone. The first Italian white wine classified as DOCG was the Albana di Romagna, The 21 DOC / DOCG zones make up around 25% of production: