The white grape variety probably comes from France. Around 180 Synonyms testify to the old age and the wide distribution of the vine. The most important, alphabetically grouped by country, are Bauernweinbeer, Bettschisser, Borzenauer, Branestraube, Braun, Braun Traube, Burgegger, Burger, Dickweiße, Dickwiss, Frankenthaler, Grobes, Grobes Saures, Grobwein, Grobweißer, Hensch, Heunisch, Heinisch, Heinsch, Hensch, Hentschler , Heunscher, Heunschler, Hinschen, Hintsch, Hunnentraub, Hunsch, Hünsch, Hunschrebe, Huntsch, Hynsch, Hyntsch, Kleinberger, Laxiertraube, Flour White, Squarer, Scheißtraube, Thalburger, Thalburger Grünling, White Zapfner, Weißgrobe, Weißstock, Wippacher ( Germany and or Austria ); Blanc de Serres, Bon Blanc, Bouillan, Bouillaud, Bouilleaud, Enfariné Blanc, Foirard, Gauche Blanc, Goe, Goet, Goez, Goix, Gôt, Gouche, Gouche Blanche, Gouest Sauge, Gouet Blanc, Gouette, Gouget Blanc, Goys, Gros Blanc, Gueuche Blanc, Lisoera, Lombard Blanc, Moreau Blanc, Mouillet, Petit Gouge, Plant de Séchex, Plant Madame, Président, Provereau Blanc, Verdet, Verdin Blanc, Vionnier ( France ); Blanció, Liseiret, Preveiral ( Italy ); Belina, Belina Drobna, Krapinska Belina, Pikanina Bijela ( Croatia ); Branco Valente, Gigante Branco ( Portugal ); Gouais Jaune, Gwäss ( Switzerland ); Hajnos ( Hungary ).
Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Orleans (Hartheunisch) or Ranfol be confused. The numerous grape varieties with part of the name "Heunisch" are not all related to each other. Most are no longer important and are only in vines for historical reasons (e.g. Geilweilerhof and Domaine de Vassal ). The Gouais Blanc (France) variety is genetically identical to Weißer Heunisch (Germany), although the development has been different.
Many of the synonyms mentioned above were partly used "crisscross" for several types of Heunisch. The German name Heunisch comes from the early Middle Ages and was allegedly first mentioned in the 11th century with "hunisce druben". He associates with the Huns and that they are said to have brought them to Europe. However, this hypothesis is difficult to prove. For many centuries, the terms "Heunisch" (for "rough") and " Frankish "(For" fine ") the only wine or quality designations and did not refer to a particular variety. A reliable mention was made in 1546 in Jerome's famous "Kreütter Buch" buck (1498-1554: "The big fat (thick) Hynische Draubes, which are used for the sake of their quick worting, are used by quite a few fucking Draubens." The varieties of the Heunisch group: