The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Enfariné du Jura, Gaillard, Gouais Noir and Grison. There is also a variety of gray berries called Enfariné Gris (Gouais Gris). There are morphological Similarities to the variety Gueuche Noir, According to in 2013 DNA analysis it comes from a probably natural crossing Gouais Blanc (Heunisch) x unknown variety. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). The late ripening, productive vine is generally resistant to various vine diseases. It provides simple red wines for quick enjoyment. Some producers are trying to revive them by planting new ones. It is in the smallest amount in the two departments law and Doubs mined. In 2010 half a hectare was recorded in Doubs (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)