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England

Inglaterra (ES)
Angleterre (F)
Inghilterra (I)
England (GB)
Engeland (N)
Inglaterra (PO)
English viticulture was probably introduced by the Romans on a larger scale, the 43 v. Chr. Had come to the island in the 3rd century BC. Pollen finds from vines prove that there have been viticulture before. Winery is mentioned in a document dating from 731. In 1152, the later King Henry II (1133-1189) by marriage with Eleonora of Aquitaine (1122-1204) came into the possession of Gascogne and large parts of western France, including the Bordeaux (fell to France again in 1453). For almost 300 years, French wine was widely imported. That was also the big time of the rose-colored clairet, But also special Sweet wines from southern Europe were very popular from the mid-14th century, for example, the Vernage (Vernacchia) from Italy and Malmsey from the islands Cyprus and Crete, from the Greek port Monemvasia (Peloponnese) was shipped out. For this reason, an independent English viticulture came for many centuries to a standstill.

England and the numerous British colonies all over the world are responsible for the great popularity of two today famous dessert wines. Towards the end of the 16th century, 2,900 barrels (pipes) captured by the so-called freebooter and circumnavigator Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596) were captured in England sherry popular, in large quantities Spain was introduced. The foundation for the beginning of the 18th century beginning Port wine boom in England was completed by the in 1703 and as Methuen Treaty which provided for special tariff concessions for the importation of Portuguese wines in England. This led to the British monopoly in the Portweinhandel and the establishment of many Portweinhäuser in Portugal, A special role also played in the 1790 opened Factory House in postage in which the British factors completed their business.

In the 17th century were first introduced by Sir Kenelm Digby (1603-1665) bottles invented for wine and produced for a long time mainly in England. From the beginning of the 18th century caused by the trade war between France and England an exclusive market for Bordeaux wines. English wine merchants founded some of today still existing trading houses in Bordeaux and founded the Bordeaux wine trade, After the Second World War, the scientist Ray Barrington Brock (1907-1999) determined the most suitable grape varieties and from 1952 by Sir Guy Salisbury -Jones (1896-1985) in the county of Hampshire, the first vineyard was created and thus the English viticulture revived. In 1953 the institute became Masters of Wine founded to raise the quality. This was followed in 1967 by the United Kingdom Vineyard Association, which represents all the interests of English viticulture.

In 2012, the vineyard covered 1,200 hectares, the Wine production quantity was 8,000 hectoliters. They are located in southern England, Wales and the Channel Islands on barren loam, sand and loess soil. There is no viticulture in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The climate is mild by Atlantic Ocean and Gulf Stream. The wet summer and rainy autumns favor fungal diseases, There are six winegrowing regions: Weald and Downland (Kent, East Sussex, West Sussex), Wessex (Dorset, Wiltshire, Hampshire, Isle of Wight), Southwest and Wales (Hereford, Worcester, South Wales), Thames and Chiltern (Oxford, North of London), East Anglia (north-east of London to the north coast of Norfolk) and Mercia (Midlands, north). In addition to international varieties many German new breeds are cultivated. Of the Blend 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ):

vine Common name in England colour hectare
Chardonnay - White 235
Pinot Noir - red 233
Bacchus - White 116
Seyval blanc - White 85
Reichensteiner - White 71
Pinot Meunier - red 50
Madeleine Angevine - White 45
Müller-Thurgau Muller Thurgau White 43
rondo - red 40
Schönburger even Burger White 37
Pinot Blanc - White 23
Phoenix - White 21
regent - red 19
Frühburgunder Pinot Noir Précoce red 19
Ortega - White 18
Huxelrebe - White 17
Triomphe d'Alsace Triomphe White 15
Dornfelder - red 14
Siegerrebe - White 12
Orion - White 10
Auxerrois - White 9
Pinot gris - White 9
Solaris - White 7
Kerner - White 6
Kernling - White 5
Würzer Wurzer White 4
Regner - White 4
Acolon - red 4
Faberrebe - White 4
Léon Millot - red 3
Sauvignon Blanc - White 3
good Borner - White 2
dark fields - red 2
Scheurebe - White 2
Merlot - red 2
Madeleine Sylvaner - White 1
pearl - White 1
Optima - White 1
Zweigelt - red 1
Gewurztraminer / Traminer Gewurztraminer White 1
Gamay Gamay Noir red 1
Riesling - White 1
Cabernet Franc - red 1
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 1


The enrich grape must with sugar is a common practice in England. Always very popular sparkling wines (Sparkling) with bottle fermentation, which are today made from Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. A special feature are the British Wines made from imported RTK be generated. The real wines are called United Kingdom Tablewine, English (or Welsh) Vineyards Quality Wine PSR or when using hybrids marketed as English (Welsh) Counties Regional Wine. England always has a significant role in wine trade played and London is considered the center of the world auction trade with the companies Christie's and Sotheby's,

It is therefore no coincidence that unusually many renowned wine writers come from the island. These are Tim, for example Atkin Nicolas Belfrage, Michael Broadbent, Tom Cannavan, Oz Clarke, Julia Harding, Hugh Johnson, Charles Metcalfe, David Peppercorn, Cyril ray, Jancis Robinson, Tom Stevenson, Serena Sutcliffe, Henry Vizetelly, Harry Waugh, Known producers include Barkham Hanor, Breaky Bottom, Chapel Down, Halfpenny Green, Hidden Spring, Llanerch (Wales), Penshurst, Pilton Manor, Sandhurst, Sharpham, Thames Valley, Three Choirs. The world's largest beverage company Diageo in London has many holdings in wineries and companies abroad.

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