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England

Inglaterra (ES)
Angleterre (F)
Inghilterra (I)
England (GB)
Engeland (N)
Inglaterra (PO)
English viticulture was probably introduced by the Romans on a larger scale in 43 BC. BC had come to the island. Finds of pollen from vines prove that there had been viticulture before. Viticulture is mentioned in a document from the year 731. In 1152 the later King Henry II (1133-1189) came into possession of the by marriage to Eleonora of Aquitaine (1122-1204) Gascogne and large parts of western France, including the Bordeaux (fell back to France in 1453). French wine was imported on a large scale for almost 300 years. That was also the great time of the rose colored clairet, But also specifically Sweet wines from southern Europe were very popular from the middle of the 14th century, for example the Vernage (Vernacchia) from Italy and Malmsey from the islands Cyprus and Crete from the Greek port Monemvasia (Peloponnese) was shipped from. For this reason, an independent English viticulture came to a standstill for many centuries.

England and the numerous British colonies around the world are responsible for the great popularity of two famous dessert wines today. Towards the end of the 16th century, 2,900 barrels (pipes) were captured in England by so-called state-licensed privateer and circumnavigator Sir Francis Drake (1540-1596) sherry popular who made out in large quantities Spain was introduced. The foundation stone for the beginning from the beginning of the 18th century Port wine boom in England was completed by the in 1703 and called Methuen Treaty designated contract, which provided special tariff advantages for the import of Portuguese wines in England. This led to the British monopoly in the port wine trade and the establishment of many port wine houses in Portugal, The opening in 1790 also played a special role Factory house in postage in which the British factors did their business.

Sir Kenelm Digby (1603-1665) was first introduced in the 17th century bottles invented for wine and made for a long time, especially in England. From the beginning of the 18th century, the trade war between France and England created an exclusive market for Bordeaux wines. English wine traders partly founded existing trading houses in Bordeaux and founded the Bordeaux wine trade, After the Second World War, the scientist Ray Barrington Brock (1907-1999) determined the most suitable grape varieties and from 1952 Sir Guy Salisbury-Jones (1896-1985) created the first vineyard in the county of Hampshire and thus English winegrowing revived. In 1953 the institute Masters of Wine founded to raise quality. Then followed in 1967 the "United Kingdom Vineyard Association", which represents all interests of English viticulture.

In 2012, the vineyard area was 1,200 hectares Wine production quantity was 8,000 hectoliters. They are located in southern England, Wales and the Channel Islands on barren clay, sand and loess soils. There is no viticulture in Scotland and Northern Ireland. The climate is mild due to the Atlantic and Gulf Stream. Favor the wet summers and rainy autumns fungal diseases, There are six wine regions: Weald and Downland (Kent, East Sussex, West Sussex), Wessex (Dorset, Wiltshire, Hampshire, Isle of Wight), Southwest and Wales (Hereford, Worcester, South Wales), Thames and Chiltern (Oxford, north of London), East Anglia (northeast of London to the north coast of Norfolk) and Mercia (Midlands, north). In addition to international varieties, many new German varieties are cultivated. The Blend 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ):

vine name common in England colour hectare
Chardonnay - White 235
Pinot Noir - red 233
Bacchus - White 116
Seyval Blanc - White 85
Reichensteiner - White 71
Pinot Meunier - red 50
Madeleine Angevine - White 45
Müller-Thurgau Muller Thurgau White 43
rondo - red 40
Schönburger even Burger White 37
Pinot Blanc - White 23
Phoenix - White 21
regent - red 19
Frühburgunder Pinot Noir Precoce red 19
Ortega - White 18
Huxelrebe - White 17
Triomphe d'Alsace Triomphe White 15
Dornfelder - red 14
Siegerrebe - White 12
Orion - White 10
Auxerrois - White 9
Pinot gris - White 9
Solaris - White 7
Kerner - White 6
Kernling - White 5
Würzer Wurzer White 4
Regner - White 4
Acolon - red 4
Faberrebe - White 4
Leon Millot - red 3
Sauvignon Blanc - White 3
good Borner - White 2
dark fields - red 2
Scheurebe - White 2
Merlot - red 2
Madeleine Sylvaner - White 1
pearl - White 1
Optima - White 1
Zweigelt - red 1
Gewurztraminer / Traminer Gewurztraminer White 1
Gamay Gamay Noir red 1
Riesling - White 1
Cabernet Franc - red 1
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 1


The enrich Grape must with sugar is a common practice in England. Have always been very popular sparkling wines (Sparkling) with bottle fermentation, which are made today from Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. They are special British wines that from imported RTK be generated. The real wines are called United Kingdom Tablewine, English (or Welsh) Vineyards Quality Wine PSR or when using hybrids marketed as English (Welsh) Counties Regional Wine. England has always played a significant role in the wine trade played and London is considered the center of the world auction trade with the companies Christie's and Sotheby's,

It is therefore no coincidence that an unusually large number of renowned wine authors come from the island. For example, Tim Atkin, Nicolas Belfrage, Michael Broadbent, Tom Cannavan, Oz Clarke, Julia Harding, Hugh Johnson, Charles Metcalfe, David Peppercorn, Cyril ray, Jancis Robinson, Tom Stevenson, Serena Sutcliffe, Henry Vizetelly, Harry Waugh, Well-known producers are Barkham Hanor, Breaky Bottom, Chapel Down, Halfpenny Green, Hidden Spring, Llanerch (Wales), Penshurst, Pilton Manor, Sandhurst, Sharpham, Thames Valley, Three Choirs. The world's largest beverage multinational Diageo in London has many holdings in wineries and companies abroad.

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