Common single-layer name in Germany, It mostly derives from a stately building (possibly no longer existing) on the top of a hill.
The upper part below the Höhingen castle ruins was converted into vineyards in 1819 by blowing up the steep rock faces. The four amphitheaters facing west to southeast, but mostly south-facing vineyards at 190 to 320 meters above sea level with 20 to 80% slope cover 80 hectares of vineyards. The large location is divided into the four areas Böhmischberg, Büchsenberg, Schlossberg and Schneckenberg. The floors are made of dark, weathered, skeletal volcanic rock, some with artificially applied loess. In some areas, the soil is so thin that the vine posts had to be concreted in. Here are mainly the varieties Riesling, Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ), Pinot Gris ( Pinot gris ), Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) and Sylvaner grown. The vineyards, for example, have a share in the situation Augit. Dr. Heger. Baron von Gleichenstein. Cellar Franz. St. Remigius and Achkarren wine cooperative,
It is a historical location. The south-facing vineyards with 5 to 40% slope cover 15 hectares of vineyards on clayey clay soil. Riesling and Burgundy varieties are cultivated here. The wineries, for example, have shares Forster Georg. Joh. Bapt. shepherd. Pieroth and Schlossgut Diel,
The two forts of the Counts of Castell once stood here. Around the year 1266 there was a count's possession, whereby the most important Casteller vineyards were mentioned in the divisional certificate for the first time. Of the castle built in the 16th century, only a stair tower is preserved today. The kettle-shaped vineyard, oriented to the south, southwest and west, at 300 to 390 meters above sea level with 40 to 70% slope, covers 4.5 hectares of vineyards. The gray-blue floors, which are at risk of erosion, consist of gypsum Keuper, calcareous marl and creepy claystone with alabaster deposits. The varieties Silvaner, Riesling and Rieslaner are cultivated here. The location is the sole property of the winery Princely Castell's domain office, The location is in the middle of the lower slope of the Schlossberg Reitsteig,
The south-facing vineyard is located directly under the walls of the Cochem Imperial Castle. This mountain and the castle have always been the scene of fierce battles and sieges throughout history. On the steep vineyards 70 meters above the Moselle, the vines are rooted in brittle blue slate with little fine earth. In 1998 the steep slope was completely new in with great effort terraces created. Here are mainly the varieties Riesling and Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) cultivated.
The vineyard, oriented to the southeast to southwest in the form of a cauldron with a slope of 20 to 60%, covers 3.8 hectares of vines on skeleton-rich granite and gneiss weathering soil. The location is the sole property of Freiherr Roeder von Diersburg.