Until the middle of the twentieth century, in most European countries it was usual for most wine producers to sell the wine in barrels to traders for economic reasons. These then often bottled them well outside the production area and also made the labeling (in the sense of the wine law as bottler ). This often led to unclean manipulations and wine adulteration,
One of the pioneers in favor of producer bottling was the young Baron Philippe de Rothschild (1902-1988). Of the Château Mouton-Rothschild was first bottled in 1927 on the Château. According to an agreement, all Premier Crus, the Château Margaux but only much later in the 1950s. An am label Wine labeled "Producer Bottling" is not automatically high quality, but allows the conclusion to a quality conscious producer. According to the wine legislation in the European Union, the bottle bottler must be mentioned on the bottle label.
The term producer bottling may be used in Germany be used in the following three cases: 1) From a vineyard where the grapes used for this wine were harvested and made into wine. (2) An association of wine-growers, provided that the wine in question has been made by the association itself from grapes, whether or not mashed, or grape must produced in the combined wine-growing undertakings. 3) From an establishment located in the specified area or in the immediate vicinity of the area, where the vineyards that harvested the grapes are linked by a grouping of vineyards and have made these grapes into wine (see also wine cooperative ).
For the description Gutsabfüllung further conditions are necessary. A tax accounting has to be presented; the person responsible for the winemaking a completed oenological education have; and the vineyards from which the grapes used for winemaking originate, have been farmed by the vineyard concerned since at least 1 January of the year of harvest.
For the designation Schlossabfüllung other conditions are also necessary. The winegrowing business must be a listed castle where wine-making and bottling takes place, and the grapes used are exclusively from vineyards owned by the company.
The wine regulations in Austria are very similar. The terms Hauereiabfüllung , Gutsabfüllung and producer bottling are expressly reserved for the producer, who processes and bottles the self-produced grapes in his farm. Producer groups may also use the term producer bottling. In this case, the wine must be obtained in the vineyards of the members and bottled by the producer group.
Other requirements for Gutsabfüllung are for example a oenological Vocational training of the manager, as well as the management of the vineyards concerned for at least three years.
Analogously similar international designations are for example Estate bottled (New world), Mise en bouteille à la propriété and Mise en bouteille au château (France). See also below wine law,