Until the middle of the 20th century, it was common for most wine producers in many European countries to sell wine in barrels to dealers for economic reasons. These then often bottled it far outside of the production area and also carried out the labeling (in the sense of the Wine Act as bottler ). This often led to dirty manipulations and wine adulteration,
One of the pioneers who campaigned for bottling was the young Baron Philippe de Rothschild (1902-1988). The Château Mouton-Rothschild was first bottled at the Château in 1927. According to an agreement, all Premier Crus followed that Chateau Margaux however, only much later in the 1950s. A on label Wine labeled “producer bottling” is not automatically of high quality, but allows the conclusion to be drawn to a quality-conscious producer. According to the wine regulations within the European Union, the bottle bottler must be named on the bottle label.
The term producer bottling may be in Germany be used in the following three cases: 1) From a vineyard where the grapes used for this wine have been harvested and made into wine. 2) A grouping of wine-growing establishments, provided that the wine in question has been made by the grouping itself from grapes, whether or not mashed, or grape must produced in the grouped wine-growing companies. 3) From a holding located in the specified area of cultivation or in the immediate vicinity of this area, in which the wine-growing establishments that have harvested the grapes used are linked within the framework of a grouping of wine-growing establishments and which has made these grapes into wine (see also under wine cooperative ).
Additional requirements are required for the designation of bottling . Tax accounting must be presented; the person responsible for winemaking is a completed one oenological training have; as well as the vineyards from which the grapes used for winemaking originate have been cultivated by the winegrower concerned at least since January 1 of the harvest year.
Additional requirements are also necessary for the designation of lock filling. The seat of the winegrowing company must be a listed castle, where the winemaking and bottling must take place, and the grapes used must come exclusively from the company's own vineyards.
The wine law provisions in Austria are very similar. The terms grouse bottling , estate bottling and producer bottling are expressly reserved only for the producer who processes and bottles the self-produced grapes in his company into wine. Producer groups may also use the term producer bottling. In this case, the wine must be obtained in the member's vineyards and bottled by the producer community.
Other requirements for filling goods are, for example, one oenological Vocational training of the manager, as well as the management of the vineyards in question for at least three years.
Similar international designations are, for example Estate bottled (New world), Mise en bouteille á la propriété and Mise en bouteille au chateau (France). See also under wine law,