The red grape variety comes from Spain. The around 100 Synonyms testify the old age and the wide spread. The most important of which are grouped alphabetically by country (the other main names are marked in bold) Mataro ( Australia. California ); Balsac Noir, Balthazar, Balzac Noir, Beausset, Bon Avis, Catalan, Clairette Noire, Espagnen, Espar, Marseillais, Morvede, Mourvede, Mourvedon, Mourvèdre , Murviedro, Plant de Ledenon, Plant de Saint Gilles ( France ); Negria ( Greece ); Rossola Nera ( Corsica ); Alcallata, Alcayata, Alicante, Benada, Benadu, Berardi, Garrut, Gayata, Gayata Tinta, Mataró , Monastre, Monastrel, Monastrell Garrut, Morastrell, Negrette, Negre Trinchiera, Ros, Tintilla, Torrentes, Trinchiera, Verema, Veremeta, Vereneta ( Spain ).
The variety was discovered by the monk Francisc in 1381 in Empordà (Catalonia) Eiximenis (1340-1409) mentioned together with the Bobal as the most important varieties in Valencia. The name is probably derived from "monasterio" (monastery). This could indicate that the variety was first cultivated and distributed by monks. The exact origin is probably the area around the city of Sagunto in the province of Valencia. Sagunto was an important wine port north of Valencia and was called Murviedro in Catalan until 1877, from which the French main name Mourvèdre is probably derived.