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Etruscan (GB)
Etrusko (I)

The exact origin of the ancient people (Latin Etrusci, Tusci), who called themselves Rasenna, is unclear. Immigration from Asia Minor is suspected, but they are also believed to be indigenous Italy considered. The first records appear around 1,000 BC. BC, when they probably landed on the Tyrrhenian coast, spread to the other side of the coast towards the Adriatic Sea and settled in central Italy Etruria (Latin Tuscia, Greek Tyrrhenia). This area between Tiber, the Apennines and the Tyrrhenian Sea named after them corresponds to today's Tuscany and parts of the two regions Umbria and Lazio, The influence of the Etruscans also extended to today's two regions Abruzzo and Brands into it.

However, there was no single state, only individual loosely connected city-states. The twelve most powerful formed a (more religious) cult association. In the 6th century BC The Etruscans then extended into the south to the present region Campania and exhibited the first Roman royal families. Around 540 BC BC, Felsina (today's Bologna) was founded. They dominated the western Mediterranean and came into contact with the Greeks, with whom there was intensive trade. They were influenced by these, among other things, also in viticulture, which they cultivated long before the Romans in their territory.

Etruscans - territory (map) and Etruscan horsemen, 540-520 BC Chr.

They were the founders of the first great culture in Western Europe and loved life, luxury and good food and drink. There are many literary references to Etruscan wine and drinking culture, Wine has been used by the Etruscans since the 7th century. v. BC Wine exported to southern France in amphorae. According to a hypothesis, ancestors of today's grape varieties were Lambrusco. Sangiovese and Verdicchio Bianco already cultivated by them. Numerous murals and art objects have been used by the Greeks symposia shown. This lavish eating and drinking binge with the Etruscans was later criticized by the Roman moralists as a negative example of excessive manners. Especially because the Etruscans let their women take part in the feasts. The Romans adopted many of their knowledge and skills, including in winegrowing. As a result, the Etruscans from the Samnites (an Italian tribe) who came across the Alps Celts (Gauls) and finally pushed back more and more by the Romans and by the latter until the 1st century BC. BC assimilated. See also under Ancient wines and Ancient grape varieties,

Left: By Norman Einstein derivative work: Maximilian Dörrbecker ( Chumwa )
Based on a map from The National Geographic Magazine, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Right picture: From unknown, public domain, link

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