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Eucharist

Eucharist (GB)

Inside the Catholic church There were the following issues for centuries: Wine for all believers attending the Mass or just for the priest? It must be necessarily White wine or red wine be, or does it matter? May the wine be mixed with water? Are instead of wine too grape juice. sparkling wine or other drinks allowed? And how do you deal with this question, which is much discussed by many highly educated clergy, or the problematic consumption of alcohol of children, the sick and alcoholics? And last but not least: Must the wine ( altar wine ) are produced in a special way according to certain "Christian" rules?

Godfather (Celebration Host), Chalice, Chalice (with hosts) and Velum

That sounds strange at first glance, because actually the answer should be clear and unambiguous. The origin lies in the famous communion, in which Jesus, on the eve of his death on the cross, enjoyed bread and wine with his disciples and ordered them to continue the custom in his memory. Otherwise, the Church invokes unconditional interpretation or observance of Jesus' words, so why here are these questions at all? The problem escalated from the beginning of the Reformation in the early 16th century, because Martin Luther and other reformers vehemently demanded the unconditional observance of Jesus' words.

In the Old Testament in the Bible The sacrificial ritual described by the Jews is buried by the Jews as a symbol of prosperity, the atonement of guilt and as a sign of the worship of God and animal blood as a symbol of life and thus returned to God. In the Christian church has wine and bread as a sacrament of the sacrament founded by Jesus (Holy Eucharist = Thanksgiving) a mystical meaning. A symbolic forerunner is the king mentioned in the Book of Genesis in the Abraham story Melchizedek, after which also one of the numerous Bottle oversize named for champagne.

In the Holy Mass, according to the Christian faith, it is actually (and this is by no means only symbolic) that bread and wine are transformed into Christ's body and blood (consecration = of substance, not in appearance) and is the culmination of this celebration. When the Lord's Supper was received (communion = union), in the early days of the Christian community, all those present were generally given bread and wine. From the Middle Ages, however, in the Roman Catholic Church, for purely practical reasons (eg, lack of wine due to bad harvests), only the priest ate wine and the host (Latin sacrifice), so to speak, both forms - So blood and body of Christ - applies or both represented.

Eucharist - Grapes, Messweinkelch, Host and Bible / Priest with Host

This innovation or interpretation was vehemently criticized by all reformers (Hus, Luther and Calvin) who granted wine to all believers. This was explained by the clear commission during the sacrament with the disciples with the following words of Jesus: "Take and eat, this is my body, which is given for you. This does to my memory. Take and drink all of this, this cup is the New Testament in My Blood, which will be shed for you for the forgiveness of sins. It does so, as often as you drink, to my memory . " The statement "my blood" could point to red wine, but of course that is no longer apparent. That clearly meant wine (and not perhaps grape juice), according to the Evangelical Church is clear from the fact that Jesus speaks of "this plant of the vine" and it must have acted beyond doubt about wine. Incidentally, at the time of the Lord's Supper (spring), it was not possible to give any unfermented grape juice because of the lack of preservation.

In 1562, the Swedish King Erik XIV (1533-1577) asked the Reichstag whether another drink instead of wine (eg. beer. grape juice, Milk, water ) may be used at the Last Supper. The reason was the lack of wine due to the war against Denmark. This triggered the "liquoristischen dispute" (Latin liquor = liquid), which was also about the question of whether wine should be mixed at least with water. Martin Luther (1483-1546) categorically refused and insisted on bread and unadulterated wine. The distribution in both forms was then enforced so much that the reception of the measuring chalice (Wine) was considered a public commitment to the Reformation. The Gospel of the Last Supper rules were also set in the Augsburg Confession in 1530. The question as to how alcoholics (or children) deal with this, was (also valid for today) so determined: The Lord's Supper is not absolutely necessary for salvation, the sick would have to renounce the sacrament and "this burden imposed by God must be borne become".

The Protestant church allows exceptions in justified cases, namely for alcoholics and children. These are the assumptions in only one form, in that the wine goblet is passed on and thus dispensed with, or grape juice instead of wine. As a rule in force at the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), it was decided, with the permission of the competent bishop, to allow both forms again. Incidentally, alcoholic priests also have to drink wine at the sacrament in 1983, as this is considered to be central symbolism (from 1973 on, they were allowed to drink grape juice after a withdrawal cure instead). They must at least take a trace of the consecrated wine in the form of a wafer immersed in wine. The Methodist Churches (Free Churches), which are widespread in England and the United States, largely carried out the practice of the Lord's Supper in the 19th century grape juice to commit.

Regarding the question, at which fair, how often and by whom altar wine (see also there), a presentation from the practice of the Catholic pastor Matthias Wünsche from Bamberg , who kindly provided the text. His practice fully complies with church law requirements: On weekdays and normal Sundays, I use a regional, dry Silvaner cabinet or something similar. On festive days, there is something fine, for example, at Christmas 2003 a 2000 Rieslaner Auslese from Bürgerspital in Würzburg, On Maundy Thursday, there is also home-made bread for home-made bread ( Sylvaner and Müller-Thurgau ), for whose genuineness the pastor can guarantee himself. It also governs the principle of "stepped solemnity" in the case of Messwein:

Simple and dry during Lent, full, ripe in mature times, and maybe a bit sweeter. Red wine is rarely used for practical reasons because it pollutes the pot cloth. Wine is basically the "matter" at every Mass in all Christian denominations. While the churches of the Reformation usually celebrate the Eucharist only on Sundays and holidays, in the Eastern Churches the practice has evolved from two to three times a week in each congregation. In the Catholic Church, it is recommended that every congregation and every priest should, as far as possible, celebrate the Eucharist on an almost daily basis, with the exception of the needs of the respective congregation on Sundays and public holidays, two or three times. The practice therefore varies considerably depending on denomination, country, region and also the requirements of the responsible bishop.

The quantity of Messweins results from the number of those, from the chalice drink. Provided that only the priest drinks, the quantity to 0.1 liters is usual. If the entire community drinks, the amount must be correspondingly larger. In the Protestant church, wine is generally enjoyed by everyone who goes to the sacrament. In the Eastern Church, bread and wine are mixed before communion and distributed by a spoon to all communicants. In the Roman Catholic Church only the priest drinks (especially in "simple" masses or occasions), on Sundays at least also the communion helpers, often also the lecturers and the ministrants; at bridal masses or other special occasions often also a larger circle (bridal couple, groomsmen, birthdays, jubilation, etc.). On holidays, it is also possible for the whole congregation to drink; useful z. On Maundy Thursday, Corpus Christi, Easter, First Communion, and Primiz (first Mass of a newly consecrated Catholic priest). Also at fairs in a small group can / ought to be served chalice. See also below church,

Chalice, Chalice: Picture by James Chan on Pixabay
Velum: From I, Lukasz Szczurowski , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Grapes, goblet, bread: originator = demarco / 123RF royalty free images
Priest with Host: João Geraldo Borges Júnior on Pixabay

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