With the accession of ten countries as of 1 May 2004, Bulgaria and Romania as of 1 January 2007 and Croatia as of 1 July 2013, the Community of the European Union consists of 27 members: Belgium. Bulgaria. Denmark. Germany. Estonia. Greece. Finland. France. Ireland. Italy. Croatia. Latvia. Lithuania. Luxembourg. Netherlands. Austria. Poland. Portugal. Romania. Sweden. Slovakia. Spain. Czech Republic. Slovenia. Hungary. Malta and Cyprus,
In October 2005, official accession negotiations with the Turkey added; However, due to the political situation in this country, many countries are skeptical or even hostile to accession. The Republic Northern Macedonia received the status of Candidate Country at the end of 2005. The countries Albania. Bosnia Herzegovina. Montenegro and Serbia will apply for membership in the near future. The populations of Norway and the Switzerland have spoken out by referendum against joining the EU. The referendum held in June 2015 in England resulted in the so-called "Brexit" (withdrawal from the EU).
Viticulture is practiced in most EU countries. For the member states, the EU regulations, But it is on the different climatic Conditions and also market needs by a division Europe in seven growing zones Consideration. Within these zones there are different characteristics, for example regarding deacidification. leavening and sweetening, By law amendments the individual countries are transferred more and more responsibilities. In addition, there are country-specific regulations. Third countries or third countries are states which are not Contracting Party or Member State of the EU or the European Economic Area. From the point of view of the EU, third countries are Australia. China. Norway and the United States, On 1 January 2006, a wine trade agreement between the US and the EU with mutual recognition of standards became effective. Further information under wine law is available at wine law,