With the accession of ten countries on May 1, 2004, Bulgaria and Romania on January 1, 2007 and Croatia on July 1, 2013, the Community of the European Union consists of 27 members: Belgium. Bulgaria. Denmark. Germany. Estonia. Greece. Finland. France. Ireland. Italy. Croatia. Latvia. Lithuania. Luxembourg. Netherlands. Austria. Poland. Portugal. Romania. Sweden. Slovakia. Spain. Czech Republic. Slovenia. Hungary. Malta and Cyprus,
In October 2005, official accession negotiations with the Turkey added; however, many countries are skeptical to rejection of accession due to the political situation in this country. The Republic Northern Macedonia was granted candidate status in late 2005. The countries Albania. Bosnia Herzegovina. Montenegro and Serbia will apply for membership in the near future. The populations of Norway and the Switzerland voted in a referendum against joining the EU. The referendum in June 2015 England led to the "Brexit" (exit from the EU).
Viticulture is practiced in most EU countries. For the member states the apply EU regulations, But the different climatic Relationships and also market needs through a division Europe in seven growing zones Considered. Within these zones there are different forms, for example with regard to deacidification. leavening and sweetening, Due to amendments to the law, more and more responsibilities are transferred to the individual countries. There are also country-specific regulations. Third countries or third countries are countries that are not contracting parties or member states of the EU or the European Economic Area. From the EU perspective, third countries Australia. China. Norway and the United States, On January 1, 2006, a US-EU wine trade agreement with mutual recognition of standards became effective. Further wine law information is available at wine law,