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23.054 Keywords • 48.238 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.360 Pronunciations • 154.951 Cross-references

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The winery is located on Paarl Mountain in the South African wine-growing district Paarl, The origin goes back to 1693 when the governor at that time Simon van der Stel (1639-1712) assigned the French Huguenot Steven Vervey Land. The first wine was produced in 1699. After several changes of ownership, the property was acquired in 1937 by the Lithuanian Charles Back, expanded by his son Cyril and now managed by the third generation of his grandson Charles. This also owns the winery Spice route in the wine-growing district Swartland, The vineyards cover 300 hectares of vineyards on the southwestern foothills of the Paarl Mountain. Weathered granite predominates in higher areas and sandy loam in the lower areas. 80% of the red grape varieties are cultivated. There are many innovative attempts with new grape varieties for South Africa and interesting blends with the Rhône varieties Carignan, Gamay Noir, Malbec, Mourvèdre and for the first time in South Africa Viognier. The traditional ones are Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Chenin Blanc (Steen), Merlot, Muscat d'Alexandrie (Hanepoot), Pinotage, Sémillon, Shiraz and Zinfandel. Red wines are also with Maceration carbonique (Carbonic acid mash). The premium wines are "Akkerbos" (Chardonnay) and the "Goats de Roam" produced in Rhône style. Almost 1.4 million bottles of wine are produced every year. Goats have been farmed for cheese making since 1980; the goat tower is also the winery's landmark.

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