For a long time, only one white grape variety was produced under the name Falanghina (also Falanghina Bianca) Italy understood and shown in the statistics at least until the year 2000 as a variety. The name is derived from the ancient form of education “phalange” (tied to the post). According to a doubtful presumption that can no longer be proven, she should be a descendant of the ancient varietyAminea be that for the white variant of the famous Falernian in the ancient rome was used. It is also doubtful that it was already in the 7th century. out Greece was introduced. In any case, it is one of the oldest varieties in Campania, In the 17th century it was mentioned in a poem by Giulio C. Cortese (1570-1640).
According to in 2005 DNA analysis but there are two different grape varieties, both of which are mainly grown in the Campania region and (in part) morphological Show similarities, but differ genetically. Falanghina Beneventana is closely related to Biancolella, It was rediscovered in the province of Benevento in the 1970s. In honor of the variety, a regional wine festival is held here every year at the end of September in the municipality of Sant'Agata dei Goti.
The Falanghina Flegrea occurs mainly in the province of Napoli. Synonyms are Biancazita, Falanghina Pigna Piccola, Falernina and Uva Falerna. It is named after the Phlegraean fields (Campi Flegrei = burning fields) 20 kilometers west of Vesuvius. Numerous volcanoes have been active there in the past 40,000 years; the last eruption of Vesuvius destroyed the city in 79 Pompeii, There is a close relationship too Suppezza and Ripolo, The after the phylloxera disaster greatly reduced inventory was revived in the 1970s.
Both varieties ripen mid-late. They produce fragrant, acidic white wines with stone fruit and apricot aromas. They are in the regions Abruzzo. Apulia. Campania. Molise and Sardinia grown. No distinction is made (yet) in the DOC regulations, which is why mixtures can be used. Among other things, a Falanghina is approved in the DOC wines from capri. Campi Flegrei. Costa d'Amalfi. Falanghina del Sannio. Falerno del Massico. Galluccio. Penisola Sorrentina. Sannio. San Severo and Vesuvio, In 2010, a total of 3,037 hectares were designated under Falanghina. That results in worldwide varieties ranking rank 145.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service