For a long time under the name Falanghina (also Falanghina Bianca) only a single white grape variety Italy understood and in the statistics at least until the year 2000 as a variety. The name derives from the ancient form of education "Phalange" (tied to the stake). After a course no longer to prove and dubious conjecture she should be a descendant of antique varietyAminea be that for the white variant of the famous Falernian in the ancient Rome has been used. Equally doubtful is that it was already in the 7th century. out Greece was introduced. In any case, it is one of the oldest varieties in Campania, In the 17th century She was mentioned in a poem by Giulio C. Cortese (1570-1640).
According to done in 2005 DNA analysis but these are two different varieties, both of which are mainly grown in the Campania region and (partly) morphological Have similarities but are genetically different. In the Falanghina Beneventana there is a close relationship to the Biancolella, It was rediscovered in the 1970s in the province of Benevento. In honor of the variety, a regional wine festival takes place here every year at the end of September in the municipality of Sant'Agata dei Goti.
The Falanghina Flegrea occurs mainly in the province of Napoli. Synonyms are Biancazita, Falanghina Pigna Piccola, Falernina and Uva Falerna. It is named after the Phlegraean Fields (Campi Flegrei = burning fields) 20 kilometers west of Vesuvius. In the last 40,000 years numerous volcanoes have been active in this area; The last Vesuvius eruption destroyed the city in 79 Pompeii, There is a close relationship to Suppezza and Ripolo, The after the phylloxera disaster greatly reduced inventory was revived in the 1970s.
Both varieties are moderately late ripening. They produce fragrant, acidic white wines with stone fruit and apricot aromas. They are in the regions Abruzzo. Apulia. Campania. Molise and Sardinia grown. The DOC regulations do not (yet) distinguish between them, so they can be mixtures. Among others, a Falanghina is allowed in the DOC wines of capri. Campi Flegrei. Costa d'Amalfi. Falanghina del Sannio. Falerno del Massico. Galluccio. Penisola Sorrentina. Sannio. San Severo and Vesuvio, In 2010, a total of 3,037 hectares were reported under Falanghina. That results in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 145th
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service