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22.797 Keywords • 48.318 Synonyms • 5.299 Translations • 7.908 Pronunciations • 152.123 Cross-references

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fathom

Old measure of length used by many peoples, which was defined as the measure between the outstretched arms of an adult male. Traditionally this was 6 feet. Naturally, this was very different for each country and region from 1.7 (Frankfurt), 1.71 (Schleswig-Holstein), 1.75 (Bavaria, Hanover), 1.8 (Baden), 1.88 (Prussia) to 1, 8965 m (Austria). In Austria (here it was called Wiener Klafter) and Prussia this resulted in a square fathead of around 3.6 m². From the end of the 18th century, the square cord was used as standard measure for area measurements. For example, the old field measure was also yoke derived from it. One yoke corresponds to 1,600 square kilns, which gives 5,755 m² (0.575 ha) in Austria. The cord was eventually replaced in 1889 by the introduction of the metric system. See also below space measurements,

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