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fathom

Old length measurement used by many peoples, which was defined as the measurement between an adult man's outstretched arms. Traditionally this was 6 feet. Naturally, this varied from country (1.7) (Frankfurt), 1.71 (Schleswig-Holstein), 1.75 (Bavaria, Hanover), 1.8 (Baden), 1.88 (Prussia) to 1, 8965 m (Austria). In Austria (here it was called Wiener Klafter) and Prussia this resulted in a square flapper with around 3.6 m². From the end of the 18th century, the square fathom was used as the standard measure for area dimensions. For example, the old field measurement yoke derived from it. One yoke corresponds to 1,600 square meters, which in Austria amounts to 5,755 m² (0.575 ha). The fathoms were finally replaced in 1889 by the introduction of the metric system. See also under space measurements,

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