The white variety strains from the Germany or the Switzerland, There are more than 30 synonyms, some of them Bitterer, Sponsor, Sponsor, Funderer, Füllering, Fünderling, Fürder, Fürderling, Fütterling, Fürterer, Fürterling, Fürth, Heubacher, Kleiner Räuschling, Miesenvaiter, Miscreant, Visitator, Vitterer, White Feeder, Wiesentaiter, Wiesenthaider, Wiesentheer, Wiesetheider, Wiesetriter and Wisenhader. According to done in 2013 DNA analysis is a presumably natural cross between White Heunisch ( Gouais blanc ) x Savagnin ( Traminer ). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
The Feeder is one of the oldest varieties in Central Europe. In 1650 she was mentioned in the posthumously published work "Historia Plantarum Universalis" by the Swiss botanist Johannes Bauhin (1541-1613). Under the name "Lausanois" she was introduced from the western part of Switzerland to Württemberg at the end of the Middle Ages. There she was an integral part of the centuries mixed vine sets and counted among the best landraces, Johann Butcher (1789-1852) documents the Fütterer in 1827 for Heidelberg, the Neckar Valley, Neckarsulm and Pforzheim. He ripens together with the Riesling and his juice tastes sweet and pleasant. Christian single (1816-1869) raved about the pronounced bouquet in 1860, which even in the wines of Silvaner, Elbling or Gutedel stands out with only a 20% mixing proportion. Further advantages are its resistance to blooms and the insensitivity to winter and spring frosts. One of the synonyms of the ancient French variety Folle Blanche is Fütterer, the two varieties also have similarities. Therefore, a relationship was often suspected. Also with the variety Knipperlé (Ortlieber) is called a synonym Fütterer. However, there are three separate varieties, which by the way already in 1852 Victor Pulliat (1827-1896).
In 2005, the Fütterer vine, which had already been lost for more than one hundred years or was considered extinct, became in Heidelberg won Steinberg ( to bathe along with the varieties Bettler grape ( žametovka ), Blue Elbling, White and Red Heunisch. plaster shears. Sylvaner. Riesling and Trollinger Rediscovered in an old vineyard (information from vine researcher Andreas Young ). At first glance, it resembles a virulent Riesling, which was probably the reason for their disappearance in the century of clone selection. However, the berries are not round, but roundish-oval, which one can quickly tell the difference to the Riesling. He is similar phenotypically most likely the variety Sémillon, but has smaller grapes. Presumably it is a cross between the leading varieties Heunisch ( Gouais blanc ) and Traminer and he belongs in the group of Franconian varieties of the Middle Ages. The three varieties Aubin Blanc. Petit Meslier and Räuschling come from the same parenting.
Whether it originated in the historic kingdom Burgundy (existed from the 5th to the 9th century) on the western edge of the Alps, or how many other varieties of the county of Savoy were imported directly from the Kingdom of Hungary, can probably no longer be clarified. The safe re-identification of already disappeared varieties is always difficult if live specimens are no longer available for reference. Fortunately, there is a picture of the feeder in the sorts atlas by Lambert JL Babo (1790-1862) and Johann Butcher (1789-1852). Both descriptions and images are very well suited to the characteristics of the rediscovered plants, so it can be assumed that the seven vines there are the last examples of the historic variety. The feeder has been included in the national long-term conservation program for old Swiss varieties.
Source: with the kind permission of the author Andreas Young