The white grape variety emerges from the Germany or the Switzerland, There are over 30 synonyms, some of them bitters, sponsors, sponsors, förter, fillers, Fünderling, Fürder, Fürderling, Fütterling, Fürterer, Fürterling, Fürther, Heubacher, Kleiner Räusling, Miesenvaiter, malefactors, Visitator, Vitterer, Weißer Fütterer, Wiesentaiter, Wiesenthaider, Wiesentheer, Wiesetheider, Wiesetriter and Wisenhader. According to in 2013 DNA analysis is a presumably natural cross between White Heunisch ( Gouais Blanc ) x Savagnin ( Traminer ). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).
The feeder is one of the oldest varieties in Central Europe. In 1650 it was mentioned in the posthumously published work "Historia Plantarum Universalis" by the Swiss botanist Johannes Bauhin (1541-1613). At the end of the Middle Ages, it was introduced to Württemberg from western Switzerland under the name "Lausanois". There it was an integral part of the centuries mixed vines and was among the best landraces, Johann Butcher (1789-1852) describes the feeder in 1827 that it ripens together with the Riesling and that its juice tastes sweet and pleasant. Christian single (1816-1869) raved about the distinctive bouquet in 1860, which even appears in the wines of Silvaner, Elbling or Gutedel with only a 20% blend. Further advantages are its bloom resistance and the insensitivity to winter and spring frosts. One of the synonyms of the ancient French variety Folle Blanche is feeder, the two varieties also have similarities. Therefore a relationship was often suspected. However, there are two independent varieties, which, incidentally, was Victor in 1852 Pulliat (1827-1896).
The Fütterer vine, which had been missing for more than a century or was considered extinct, was grown in Heidelberg in 2005 won Steinberg ( to bathe together with the varieties of beggar grape ( žametovka ), Blue Elbling, White and Red Heunisch. plaster shears. Sylvaner. Riesling and Trollinger rediscovered in an old vineyard (information from vine researcher Andreas Young ). At first glance, it resembles a virgin Riesling, which was probably the reason for its disappearance in the century of clone selection. However, the berries are not round, but round and oval, which shows the difference to Riesling. It resembles phenotypically most likely of the variety Sémillon but has smaller grapes. Presumably it is a cross between the leading varieties Heunisch ( Gouais Blanc ) and Traminer and he belongs to the group of Franconian varieties of the Middle Ages. The three varieties Aubin Blanc. Petit Meslier and Räuschling come from the same parenthood.
Whether it originated in the historical kingdom of Burgundy (existed from the 5th to the 9th century) on the western edge of the Alps, or how many other varieties of the county Savoy were imported directly from the Kingdom of Hungary can no longer be clarified with certainty. The reliable re-identification of varieties that have already disappeared is always difficult when living specimens are no longer available as a reference. Fortunately, there is an image of the feeder in the variety atlas by Lambert JL Babo (1790-1862) and Johann Butcher (1789-1852). Both descriptions and pictures match the characteristics of the rediscovered plants very well, so it can be assumed that the seven vines there represent the last examples of the historical variety. The feeder was included in the national program for the long-term conservation of old Swiss varieties.
Source: Courtesy of the author Andreas Young