The red grape variety comes from the border region between France and Spain. There are around 60 Synonyms; the main alphabetically grouped by country are Arech, Arrouya, Bequignaou, Béquignol, Bois Droit, Braucol, Brocol, Caillaba, Camaralet Noir, Camerouge, Camirouch, Chalamoncet, Chalosse Noire, Cruchinet, Ere, Estronc, Fer Bequignaou, Fer Noir, Ferre, Fer Servadou, Folle Rouge, Hèr, Hère, Herrant, Herre, Mansin, Mansois, Mauron, Mourac, Mourach, Noir Brun, Petit Bordelais, Petit Fer, Petit Mourastel, Piec, Piek, Pinenc, Plant de Fer, Queufort, Samençois, Saumances, Saumansois, Saumences, Servadou, Veron, Verron ( France ); Gragnelut ( Italy ); Caillaba ( Spain ).
The variety was first mentioned under various names in 1783. The name Fer is probably derived from "ferus" (wild) and refers to the assumption that they are from Wild vines was domesticated. According to a second hypothesis, it refers to the hard wood of the vine (fer = iron). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties arrouya noir. Béquignol Noir (Fer) Castets. Jurançon Noir (Folle Rouge) or Petit Verdot (Herrant) to be confused. According to 2009 DNA analysis is from a cross Fer x Hondarribi Beltza the variety Gros Cabernet emerged. Other indications also indicate Fer's origin in Spanish Basque country out. Fer is a parent of the variety Negral,
The medium-ripening vine is resistant to Botrytis but prone to real ones mildew, It produces tannin-emphasized, dark-colored red wines with aromas of raspberries and Cassis, According to the INRA The analyzes carried out are exceptionally high amounts of (health-positive) anthocyanins and catechins contain. The variety is in Southwest France widespread and in the wines of Béarn. Cotes de Saint-Mont. Cotes du Marmandais. Gaillac. Fronton. Madiran. Marcillac. tursan. Vins d'Entraygues et du Fel and Vins d'Estaing authorized. There are also smaller stocks in the Languedoc, In France, it occupies a total of 1,592 hectares of vineyards with an upward trend. In Argentina 207 hectares are planted (but supposedly it is a variety of the variety Cot ). In 2010, a total of 1,799 hectares of vineyards were reported (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)