The red grape variety comes from the border region France-Spain. There are around 60 Synonyms; the main alphabetical groups are: Arech, Arrouya, Bequignaou, Béquignol, Bois Droit, Braucol, Brocol, Caillaba, Camaralet Noir, Camerouge, Camirouch, Chalamoncet, Chalosse Noire, Cruchinet, Ere, Estronc, Fer Bequignaou, Fer Noir, Ferre, Fer Servadou, Folle Rouge, Hèr, Hère, Herrant, Herre, Mansin, Mansois, Mauron, Mourac, Mourach, Noir Brun, Petit Bordelais, Petit Fer, Petit Mourastel, Piec, Piek, Pinenc, Plant de Fer, Queufort, Samençois, Saumances, Saumansois, Saumences, Servadou, Veron, Verron ( France ); Gragnelut ( Italy ); Caillaba ( Spain ).
The variety was first mentioned under different names in 1783. The name Fer is probably derived from "ferus" (wild) and refers to the assumption that they are out Wild vines was domesticated. According to a second hypothesis, it refers to the hard wood of the vine (Fer = iron). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties arrouya noir. Béquignol Noir (Fer) Castets. Jurançon Noir (Folle Rouge) or Petit Verdot (Herrant) be confused. According to 2009 were made DNA analysis is from a crossing Fer x Hondarribi Beltza the variety Gros Cabernet emerged. Also other indications point to an origin of Fer in the Spanish Basque country out. Fer is a parent of the species Negral,
The medium-maturing vine is resistant to Botrytis, but prone to real mildew, It produces tannin-stressed, dark-colored red wines with raspberry and aromas Cassis, According to the INRA Analyzes carried out are extraordinarily high (positive for health) anthocyanins and catechins contain. The variety is in Southwest France widespread and in the wines of Béarn. Côtes de Saint-Mont. Côtes du Marmandais. Gaillac. Fronton. Madiran. Marcillac. tursan. Vins d'Entraygues et du Fel and Vins d'Estaing authorized. There are also smaller stocks in the Languedoc, It occupies a total of 1,592 hectares of vineyards in France and rising. In Argentina 207 hectares are planted (supposedly, however, is a variety of the variety Cot ). In 2010, a total of 1,799 hectares of vineyards were reported (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)