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For the fermentation different sized containers of different materials are used. For a temperature-controlled fermentation process usually controlled by computer program containers stainless steel with volumes up to one million liters preferred. Further materials used are cement or concrete (mostly glazed or tiled), Glass, Wood (tub, barrel) and ceramics,

Fermenter - stainless steel tank and wooden tank

As a fermenter (also fermenter, Gärbottich, Holzgärständer ) are made of wood and tapering upwards vats in which for the purpose of desired oxygen contact an open maceration takes place (middle picture). Due to the relatively small surface, the submission or circulation of the marc also done very gently by hand. See also below barrel fermentation such as barrel and drum types,

Fermenting tank - stainless steel (open at the top) and wood fermenting rack for mash fermentation, stainless steel

Pictures above: Mittelberger
Picture below:
Gerhard Markovich - Göttlesbrunn

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