The white grape variety comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Camarate, Fernam Pires, Fernan Piriz, Fernão Pirão, Fernão Pires de Beco, Gaeiro, Gaieiro, Maria Gomes (second main name), Molinha, Molinho, Torrontés (look there). Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Bical (Fernão Pires Galego), Camarate, Fernão Pires de Colares (is no longer cultivated) or Trebbiano Toscano be confused. There is also a color mutation with pink berries called Fernão Pires Rosado .
Fernão Pires is a common Portuguese family name. This suggests that some important but unknown personality should be honored. The exact origin is probably not the Tagus area, as long assumed, but the area Bairrada where there are some varieties. The variety was a cross partner in the new varieties Alvarinho Silvestre. Generosa. Marquinhas. Rio Grande and Seara Nova,
The early ripening, high-yielding vine produces aromatic, low-acid wines with diverse aromas of oranges, linden flowers, laurel, mimosa and honey. These tend to oxidation and therefore have little storage potential. They are also for that distillation used. With 9,376 hectares in 2010, Fernão Pires is the most common Portuguese white wine variety. It is used in many DO areas like Alentejo. Bairrada. Douro. Palmela. Península de Setúbal and Ribatejo respectively. Tejo grown. There are also small stocks in South Africa (135 ha), Australia and California, In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 9,511 hectares of vineyards with a strongly decreasing tendency (in 2000 there were 14,545 hectares). It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking in place 74.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY