The white grape variety comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Camarate, Fernam Pires, Fernan Piriz, Fernão Pirão, Fernão Pires de Beco, Gaeiro, Gaieiro, Maria Gomes (second main name), Molinha, Molinho, Torrontés (look there). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological No similarities to the varieties Bical (Fernão Pires Galego), Camarate, Fernão Pires de Colares (is no longer cultivated) or Trebbiano Toscano be confused. There is also a color mutation with pink berries called Fernão Pires Rosado .
Fernão Pires is a common Portuguese family name. This suggests that some important but unknown personality should be honored. The exact origin is probably the area Bairrada where there are some varieties of this vine. The variety was a cross partner in the new varieties Alvarinho Silvestre. Casalze. Generosa. Marquinhas. Rio Grande and Seara Nova,
The early ripening, high-yielding vine produces aromatic, low-acid wines with diverse aromas of oranges, linden flowers, laurel, mimosa and honey. These tend to oxidation and therefore have little storage potential. They are also for that distillation used. With 9,376 hectares in 2010, Fernão Pires is the most common Portuguese white wine variety. It is used in many DO areas like Alentejo. Bairrada. Douro. Palmela. Península de Setúbal and Ribatejo respectively. Tejo grown. There are also small stocks in South Africa (135 ha), Australia and California, The variety occupied a total of 9,511 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with a rapidly decreasing tendency (in 2000 there were 14,545 hectares). It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking in 74th place.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)