The white grape comes from Portugal, Synonyms are Camarate, Fernam Pires, Fernan Piriz, Fernão Pirão, Fernão Pires de Beco, Gaeiro, Gaieiro, Maria Gomes (second main name), Molinha, Molinho, Torrontés (look there). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Bical (Fernão Pires Galego), Camarate, Fernão Pires de Colares (no longer cultivated) or Trebbiano Toscano be confused. There is also a color mutation with pink berries called Fernão Pires Rosado .
Fernão Pires is a common Portuguese surname. This suggests that some important but unknown person should be honored. The exact origin is probably not as long assumed, the area Tejo, but the area Bairrada where there are several varieties. The variety was crossing partner in the new breeds Alvarinho Silvestre. Generosa. Marquinhas. Rio Grande and Seara Nova,
The early-ripening, high-yielding vine produces aromatic, low-acid wines with a variety of aromas of oranges, linden blossoms, laurel, mimosa and honey. These tend to oxidation and therefore have little storage potential. You will also for the distillation used. With 9,376 hectares in 2010, Fernão Pires is the most common Portuguese white wine variety. It is used in many DO areas like Alentejo. Bairrada. Douro. Palmela. Península de Setúbal and Ribatejo or. Tejo grown. There are also small stocks in South Africa (135 ha), Australia and California, The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 9,511 hectares of vineyards with a strong declining trend (2000 there were still 14,545 hectares). It is thus worldwide varieties ranking at number 74.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
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