The white grape variety comes from the border region Moldova / Romania. The centuries-old variety has probably spread from the historic Moldavia region to Transylvania and Hungary. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are White Girls ( Germany. Austria ); Fetyaska Byala ( Bulgaria ); Fetișoară, Păsărească Albă, Poamă Fetei, Poamă Fetei Albă, Văratic ( Moldova ); Baratics, Fetișoară, Păsărească Albă ( Romania ); Dievcie Hrozno ( Slovakia ); Divci Hrozen ( Czech Republic ); Fetiaska Belii, Fetyaska Alba ( Ukraine ); Janiszölö, Leányka, Leányka Szölö, girl cluster ( Hungary ).
There are big ones morphological Similarities to the Hungarian variety Leányka (German girl). According to in 1999 (F. Regner ) and 2009 (Z. Galbács) DNA analysis it should be two independent varieties (also in the statistics of Kym Anderson they are managed as independent). According to Dr. Erika Maul ( Julius Kühn Institute ) but the DNA profiles are identical, so in VIVC catalog only one variety led. According to further DNA analyzes, there are between the three varieties Fetească Albă (white), Fetească Neagră (Red and Fetească Regală (white) kinship relationships. The long suspected assumption that Fetească Albă was a color was also refuted mutation from Fetească Neagră (or vice versa).
The medium-ripening vine is susceptible to Botrytis, False and real mildew and mites, but frost resistant to minus 20 ° Celsius. It produces alcohol-rich, aromatic white wines with moderate acidity and aromas of citrus and peach. In Romania it is grown in all regions, but especially Moldova in the east and Transilvania in the center. Among other things, it is part of the famous sweet wine from Cotnari and is expanded to the Fetească. In 2010, a total of 12,916 hectares were recorded.
In Moldova it is grown on a total of 4,334 hectares and is often used here for sparkling wine production. There are also small stocks in the Slovakia (219 ha) and Hungary (although it is often mistaken for Leányka here). The variety occupied a total of 17,469 hectares of vineyards in 2010 with a slightly decreasing tendency (Kym Anderson ). It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 44.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)