The white grape variety comes from the border region Moldova / Romania. The many centuries old variety has probably spread from the historical region of Moldavia to Transylvania and Hungary. Synonyms are grouped alphabetically by country White girl grape ( Germany. Austria ); Fetyaska Byala Bulgaria ); Fetişoară, Păsărească Albă, Poamă Fetei, Poamă Fetei Albă, Văratic ( Moldova ); Baratik, Fetişoară, Păsărească Albă ( Romania ); Dievcie Hrozno ( Slovakia ); Divci Hrozen ( Czech Republic ); Fetiaska Belii, Fetyaska Alba ( Ukraine ); Janiszölö, Leányka, Leányka Szölö, girl's grape ( Hungary ).
There are big ones morphological Similarities with the Hungarian variety Leányka (German girl). According to 1999 (F. Regner ) and 2009 (Z. Galbács) DNA analysis should be two separate varieties (also in the statistics of Kym Anderson they are managed as independent). According to Dr. Erika Maul ( Julius Kühn Institute ) but the DNA profiles are identical, so in the VIVC catalog only one variety. According to further DNA analyzes, there are three types of Fetească albă (white), Fetească Neagră (Red and Fetească Regală (white) family relationships. It was also refuted the long-suspected assumption that Fetească Albă a color mutation from Fetească Neagră (or vice versa).
The medium-maturing vine is prone to Botrytis, Wrong and Real mildew and mites, but frost resistant to minus 20 ° Celsius. It produces alcoholic, aromatic white wines with moderate acidity and citrus and peach aromas. In Romania it is cultivated in all regions, but especially Moldova in the east and Transilvania in the center. Among other things, it is part of the famous sweet wine of Cotnari and is sorted for Fetească expanded. In 2010, a total of 12,916 hectares were recorded.
In Moldova It is cultivated on a total of 4,334 hectares and is often used for sparkling wine production. There are also small stocks in the Slovakia (219 ha) and Hungary (although she is often confused with Leányka here). The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 17,469 hectares of vineyards with a slight downward trend (Kym Anderson ). It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on rank 44.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)