The red grape variety comes from the border region Moldova / Romania. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Coada Răndunicii, Păsărească, Păsărească Neagră, Poamă Fetei Neagră ( Moldova ); Coada Răndunicii, Coada Rindunicu, Black Grape ( Romania ); Feteasca Chernaya, Pasaryanska Chernaya ( Russia ); Fetyaska Chernaya ( Ukraine ); Fetyaska Black. The (many centuries old) variety has probably spread from the historical region of Moldavia to Transylvania and Hungary.
Between the three varieties Fetească Neagră (red), Feteasca Alba (white) and Fetească Regală (white) exist according to DNA analysis kinship relationships. Comparisons made in 2010 refuted the long-held assumption that Fetească Neagră was a color mutation from Fetească Albă (or vice versa). There are at least four morphological differing game types the Fetească Neagră, which also confirms old age. The variety was a cross partner in new breeding Codana,
The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to real ones mildew but resistant to Botrytis due to their thick-skinned berries, as well drought and frost to minus 22 ° Celsius. It produces dark-colored, tannins and alcohol-rich red wines with aromas of currants and plums and storage potential. In Moldova it was almost extinct and was only revived in the early 2000s. In Romania will be especially in the areas Dobrogea, Moldova, Muntenia and Oltenia. A total of 1,719 hectares of vineyards were shown here in 2010. There are other small stocks in Bulgaria and Hungary, In the Ukraine allegedly all "Feteasca varieties" are shown together, which makes a more precise assignment difficult.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)