The red grape variety comes from the border region Moldova / Romania. Synonyms are grouped alphabetically by country Coada Răndunicii, Păsărească, Păsărească Neagră, Poamă Fetei Neagră ( Moldova ); Coada Răndunicii, Coada Rindunicu, Black Girl's Grape ( Romania ); Feteasca Chernaya, Pasaryanska Chernaya ( Russia ); Fetyaska Chernaya ( Ukraine ); Fetyaska Black. The (many centuries) old variety probably spread from the historical region of Moldavia to Transylvania and Hungary.
Between the three varieties Fetească Neagră (red), Fetească Albă (white) and Fetească Regală (white) exist according to DNA analysis family relationships. In 2010, comparisons refuted but the long-suspected assumption that Fetească Neagră a color mutation from Fetească Albă (or vice versa). There are at least four morphological differing game types the Fetească Neagră, which also confirms the old age. The variety was crossing partner in the new breed Codana,
The medium to late ripening vine is prone to real mildew, but resistant to Botrytis due to its thick-skinned berries, as well drought and frost to minus 22 ° Celsius. It produces dark-colored, tannin and alcohol-rich red wines with aromas of currants and plums and storage potential. In Moldova it was almost extinct and was only revived in the early 2000s. In Romania It is mainly in the fields Dobrogea, Moldova, Muntenia and Oltenia. In 2010, a total of 1,719 hectares of vineyards were reported here. There are other small stocks in Bulgaria and Hungary, In the Ukraine Allegedly all "Feteasca varieties" are reported together, which makes a more precise classification difficult.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)