The white grape variety comes from Romania. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Danes villages Koenigsast, Dünesdörfer Königsast, Königliche Mädchentraube, Königsast, Königstochter ( Germany. Austria ); Dănăşană, Dănăşeană, Dăneşană, Dunăşană, Galbenă de Ardeal, Galbenă di Ardeal, Gelbenă de Ardeal, Fetească de Danes, Fetească Korolevskaia, Fetească Muscatnaia, Fetească Muskatnaia, Fetească Shelves, Fetească Regola ( Romania ); Pesecká Leánka ( Slovakia ); Erdei Sarga, ( Hungary ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities not with the variety Királyleányka be confused.
According to done in 2013 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural crossing between Fetească Albă x Frâncuşă (this became the long-presumed paternity of the variety Grasă de Cotnari disproved). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). There are two different ones game types with thin-shelled yellowish and thick-skinned yellow-green berries.
The vine was discovered in the 1920s by a gardener named Gaspari in the municipality of Danes near the city of Shigisoara in Transylvania. He first named them Dune Villages Königsast. A wine made from it was presented by Gaspari in 1928 under the name Fetească Regală at a wine exhibition in Bucharest. The medium to late ripening vine is prone to Botrytis, sensitive to drought, but frost resistant to minus 20 ° Celsius. It produces spicy white wines with a floral aroma.
In Romania occupies a total of 12,905 hectares of vineyards, making it the most common grape variety. Here it is mainly used for the production of still wines and sparkling wines, as well as for the distillation used. In the Slovakia are planted with 231 hectares. Under the name of fetească regală available in Austria low stocks. The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 13,136 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 1990 with then 2,578 hectares, this was five times the amount. It is thus worldwide varieties ranking on rank 56.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)