The white grape variety comes from Romania. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Danesdörfer Königsast, Dünesdörfer Königsast, Königliche Mädchenbrau, Königsast, Königstughter ( Germany. Austria ); Dănăşană, Dănășeană, Dăneșană, Dunășană, Galbenă de Ardeal, Galbenă di Ardeal, Gelbenă de Ardeal, Fetească de Danes, Fetească Korolevskaia, Fetească Muscatnaia, Fetească Muskatăăă Regataetcata Romania ); Pesecká Leánka ( Slovakia ); Erdei Sarga, ( Hungary ). Despite apparently suggestive synonyms or morphological No similarities to the variety Királyleányka be confused.
According to in 2013 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural cross between Feteasca Alba x Frâncuşă (This made the variety's long suspected paternity Grasă de Cotnari ) Refuted. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). There are two different ones game types with thin-skinned yellowish and thick-skinned yellow-green berries.
The vine was discovered in the 1920s by a gardener named Gaspari in the municipality of Danes near the city of Shigisoara in Transylvania. He first called her the royal branch of Dünesdorf. A wine made from it was presented by Gaspari in 1928 under the name Fetească Regală at a wine exhibition in Bucharest. The medium to late ripening vine is susceptible to Botrytis, sensitive to drought, but frost resistant to minus 20 ° Celsius. It produces spicy white wines with a floral aroma.
In Romania it occupies a total of 12,905 hectares of vineyards and is the most common grape variety. Here it is mainly used for the production of still and sparkling wines, as well as for the distillation used. In the Slovakia 231 hectares are planted. Under the name of fetească regală available in Austria low stocks. The variety occupied a total of 13,136 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 1990 with 2,578 hectares at the time, this was five times the amount. It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 56.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)