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Fiano

The white grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Apiana, Apiano, Fiana, Fiano di Avellino, Fiore Mendillo, Foiano, Latina Bianca, Latina Bianca di Barletta, Latino, Latino Bianco and Santa Sofia. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological There are no similarities with the Minutolo variety (Fiano Aromatico, Fiore Mendillo) or the one long regarded as identical Santa Sofia be confused. The parentage is unknown. A 2001 was done DNA analysis revealed that the Fiano Aromatico , which had previously been regarded as a variety, is an independent variety and therefore in Minutolo was renamed.

Fiano - grape and leaf

According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, it is said to be one of the two ancient Roman authors Columella (1st century AD) and Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned variety are a Fiano ancestor, which because of their special attraction to bees (apis) as Vitis apiana was designated. In any case, it is a very old variety, which was mentioned in 1240 in connection with wine purchases for the Roman-German Emperor Friedrich II (1194-1250) with "vino fiano saumas III" (saumas = unit of measure).

The variety was in Campania to phylloxera disaster widespread, then experienced an extreme reduction and was threatened with extinction. The well-known winery Mastroberardino successfully tried to reactivate it in the 1970s. The medium to late ripening, productive vine is susceptible to both mildews, It produces aromatic white wines with spicy aromas of honey and nuts, as well as storage potential.

The variety is found in the regions Apulia. Basilicata. Campania. Brands and Sicily grown. There she is among other things in the DOC / DOCG white wines Cilento. Contessa Entellina. Fiano di Avellino. Irpinia. Leverano. Locorotondo. Sannio and Sicilia authorized. The Italian acreage in 2010 totaled 1,377 hectares with a rapidly increasing trend (2000 and 753 hectares). It should also have a small stock in Australia give.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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