The white grape comes from Italy, Synonyms are Apiana, Apiano, Fiana, Fiano di Avellino, Fiore Mendillo, Foiano, Latina Bianca, Latina Bianca di Barletta, Latino, Latino Bianco and Santa Sofia. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities not with the variety Minutolo (Fiano Aromatico, Fiore Mendillo) or the long regarded as identical Santa Sofia be confused. The parentage is unknown. A 2001 took place DNA analysis revealed that the Fiano Aromatico , which until then had been regarded as a variety, is an independent variety and therefore belongs to Minutolo was renamed.
According to an unverifiable hypothesis, it should be one of the two ancient Roman authors Columella (1st century AD) and Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned above are about a Fiano ancestor who, because of their particular attraction to bees (apis) as a Vitis apiana was designated. In any case, it is a very old variety, which was already mentioned in 1240 in connection with wine purchases for the Roman-German Emperor Frederick II (1194-1250) with "vino fiano saumas III" (saumas = unit of measure).
The variety was in Campania to phylloxera disaster widespread, then experienced an extreme reduction and was threatened with extinction. The famous winery Mastroberardino tried in the 1970s successfully to reactivate. The medium to late-ripening, high-yielding vine is susceptible to both mildews, It produces aromatic white wines with spicy aromas of honey and nuts, as well as storage potential.
The variety is in the regions Apulia. Basilicata. Campania. Brands and Sicily grown. There she is among others in the DOC / DOCG white wines Cilento. Contessa Entellina. Fiano di Avellino. Irpinia. Leverano. Locorotondo. Sannio and Sicilia authorized. The Italian acreage in 2010 was a total of 1,377 hectares with a strong upward trend (2000 it 753 hectares). It should also be a small stock in Australia give.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)