largest AVA in the US state new York south of Lake Ontario. The geographic area includes a total of eleven glacial lakes, but the vineyards are mainly located on the two lakes Canandaigua and Keuka (after which a grape variety is named). The Cayuga Lake and Seneca Lake areas are separate AVAs within the large area. Wine was first mentioned in 1829. By the end of the 19th century, the area under vines had grown to around 25,000 hectares phylloxera, the prohibition (1020-1933) as well as the strong competition California have been greatly reduced. Born in Russia and viticulture pioneer Dr. Konstantin Frank (1897-1985) was at the the winegrowing station of the Cornell University active. He founded the "Vinifera Wine Cellars" winery in Keuka Lake and paved the way for the successful cultivation of European noble varieties. The area was mainly characterized by its sparkling wines and Sweet wines known.
Today, the vineyards cover just under 4,500 hectares. The "Wine Farmery Act" triggered a large wave of start-ups, even for small businesses, in the mid-1970s. These are managed by around a hundred producers. The climate is relatively cool with enough for winegrowing precipitation before, with the heat-storing lakes exerting a mitigating influence. The hilly region with the many lakes and streams is also a popular excursion area. There will be a wide variety hybrids with mostly Vitis labrusca genes and European noble varieties cultivated mainly from France (see under new York ). Well-known wine companies are Bully Hill, Four Chimneys Farm, Fox Run, Glenora, Heron Hill, Knapp, Swedish Hills, Treleaven, Vinifera Wine Cellars, Wagner, Widmer (with Manischewitz wines ) and Wiemer.