Name (also grafting, copulation, furs) for the artificial, vegetative propagation of woody plants. This is most common with rose and fruit varieties. In principle it concerns a transplantation of a plant part (Edelreis) on the root part of another plant (pad). You can also use the process as Clone denote because it originate from the original plants genetically identical new plants. This technique was already in the antiquity especially known for fruit and olive varieties and is from Cato the Elder (234-149 BC) also mentioned in vines. The main objective is the preservation of special properties especially of fruit-bearing origin varieties but also ornamental plants, if their conservation by poor or disease-prone root system, unsatisfactory growth strength (too strong, too weak) or incompatibility with the soil (eg lime) endangered is.