Designation for one spirit that are exclusively alcoholic fermentation and distillation a fresh fleshy fruit or fresh fruit of this fruit (with or without stones), berries or vegetables. The sales denomination is fire preceded by the name of the starting product such as apple brandy, pear brandy (Williams only when using this pear type), fig brandy, cherry brandy (or cherry), mirabelle brandy, peach brandy, plum brandy (or slibowitz), grape brandy, rowan berry brandy and juniper berry brandy. The colloquial name Edelbrand has no legal meaning and means neither production technology nor quality a difference.
A fruit brandy can also precede the name of the fruit used as water , such. B. Kirschwasser be called. The addition of alcohol is not permitted. Certain fruits may give too low an alcohol yield. This may be fermented up to a maximum of 20 liters ethanol of agricultural origin or a distillate of the same fruit per 100 kilograms of fruit. After appropriate development time, the mash becomes one distillation subjected. These are mainly berry fruits such as blackberries, strawberries, rose hips, blueberries, raspberries, elderberries, currants, rowanberries and grapes, These may also be used as spirit in connection with the name of the raw material, such as B. raspberry spirit. Distillation must be less than 86% vol to preserve the aroma of the distilled feedstocks. The minimum alcohol content is 37.5% vol. It may not be flavoring respectively. In stone fruit fires can by the hydrocyanic acid of the stones a relatively high amount of problematic substance ethyl carbamate be formed.
From wine and various by-products in winemaking fires are also produced. These are Hefebrand (Fermentation residues), grape brandy (grape mash), Tresterbrand (Press residues) and brandy (Wine). In France and Luxembourg is the name for fires Eau-de-vie common.
Complete listings of the numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as the various wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,