Introduced for the first time in the 1999 vintage and only in the German growing region Rheingau permissible name for dry developed wines from classified top locations, the so-called "first locations". This is because the Rheingau is the only growing area before the one introduced in 2002 VDP classification had already created a legally legitimate quality label ordinance in 1999 and the first crop is a quality label registered by the state of Hesse. The Rheingau members in VDP (Verband deutscher Prädikatsweingüter) from the 2012 vintage, like the members of the association from the other growing areas, use the VDP's own (and equivalent) "VDP Grosses Gewächs".
The VDP Rheingau adheres to the location quality map on which the classification is based. It's just the varieties Riesling and Pinot Noir ( Pinot Noir ) permitted, which come from particularly high quality vineyards. These are sharply delimited plots (heart pieces) of the classified locations. This classification was based on scientific criteria with the institute Geisenheim Developed. Parts of 79 of the total of 123 Rheingau locations were classified. Due to the cultivation and production criteria as well as the sensory As a first crop, however, only around 3% of the total harvest is classified as a test.
General conditions are wines from Erzeugerabfüllung or estate filling in the dry area, low hectare yield (maximum 6 eyes per m², maximum 50 hl / ha), hand-picked and at least suitable for late harvest Mostgewicht, Riesling wines must have a minimum alcohol content of 12% vol and a maximum of 13 g / l residual sugar (VDP determination since 2005 is 9 g / l). For joint presentations of first crops (Rheingau specification) and Big plants (VDP specification) 9 g / l apply, so that every Rheingau VDP company can freely choose one of the two variants with regard to the residual sugar. For Pinot Noir wines, this is at least 13% vol total alcohol content and a maximum of 6 g / l residual sugar.
The wines will be special at the earliest on May 1st of the following year sensory checked. Marketing is permitted from September 1 of the following year at the earliest. Wines that are already on the market can be checked again and further marketing can be prohibited if the result is negative. The in the Rheingauer Schlegel bottles bottled wines with the VDP capsule carry on bottles label the text "Erstes Gewächs" with three Romanesque double arches on a black background (see also under Charter Rheingau ).
In February 2012, the Rheingau Winegrowers' Association submitted an application to the Hessian state government to amend Section 10 of the Hessian Implementing Ordinance on Wine Law and the Control of Phylloxera (HAVO) with regard to the "award of quality marks". The aim was to rename the previous name "First Greenhouse" into the "Large Greenhouse", which was previously used exclusively by the VDP. The decision was made in March 2013. The around 50 VDP members in the Rheingau can now also call their dry top wines from the "VDP Grossen Lagen" "VDP Grosses Gewächs". The rest of the Rheingau winegrowers will continue to use the name "First Greenhouse". See also the levels valid at the VDP (Verband deutscher Prädikatsweingüter) VDP classification,