The grape variety is a complex new breed between ( Cardinal x Sultana ) x ((Red Malaga x Tifafihi Ahmer) x ( Muscat d'Alexandrie x Thompson Seedless)). Synonyms are F32-137, Flaim Sidles, Flem Sidles, Red Flame, Red Flame Seedless, Heike, Heike Kernlos and Heike Seedless. The cross was made in the USA in 1961 by the two breeders John H. Weinberger and FN Harmon. The seedless Variety is mainly used as table grape, but also partly as Kelter grape used. It is mainly in the United States (California) and Australia widespread, but is becoming increasingly important worldwide and is one of the leading table grapes. In 2010, however, only stocks in Ethiopia (13 ha) and Peru (42 ha) reported (Kym Anderson ). One discovered and selected by the private breeder Robert O. Bianco mutation is the Queen Arlene variety.
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)