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Flurschütz

Synonymous with Weingarten guardian; look there.

This temporary wine-growing profession or function was previously common across Europe, but is now almost extinct (the author has experienced such vineyard keepers in Lower Austria in the 1950s himself; see picture below). There were different names for each region and country, such as Bannert, beer keeper, corridor guardians, Shepherd (in Austria "Hiata"), keeper, century, Saltner (South Tyrol), Schütz or Wengertschütz, vineyard keeper and winging keeper. The guardians had the task in the "hat time", from the time of the ripening of the grapes - that is, before the start vintage - guard the vineyards and protect them from theft.

Vineyard keepers in traditional costumes from Merano (South Tyrol) and Hirterhütte in Mühlbach am Manhartsberg Lower Austria

In addition, they had to face the vineyards Schad birds (still practiced today) and game damage preserve. Some of these guards also had police violence against human grape thieves. They were ordered and paid for by the local authorities. The activity was limited and ended at the end of the...

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