Under this name will be in Greece on some islands in the Aegean, as well as in the two regions Macedonia and Thrace cultivated various white, red and black berry grape varieties. The name derives from Phokaia (Phocaea), an ancient and medieval Greek city on the west coast of Anatolia (now Foça in Turkey), which was settled by the Ionians.
A red grape Fokiano has its origin in the south of the Aegean Sea Cyclades and is considered as the "genuine" species of this name. Synonyms include Damaskino, Fokiana, Fokiano Kokkino, Fokiano Mavro, Giouroukiko, Ghiouroukiko, Irikaras, Phokiano Kokkineli and Phokiano Mavro. It was done according to in 2004 DNA analysis identical with the red-berry variety Giouroukiko, with the on Zakynthos cultivated white species Skiadopoulo (color mutation from Fokiano) is identical. The assumption that the Turkish Iri Kara also identical, has not been confirmed by in 2006 DNA analyzes.
The early to mid-seasoning vine is generally resistant to grapevine diseases and drought, It produces rather low-color and low-acid reds with plum and fig flavors. In 2010, an acreage of 262 hectares was reported with an upward trend; In 2000 it had been 162 hectares (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012