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Under this name, in Greece on some islands in the Aegean, as well as in the two regions Macedonia and Thrace Various white, red and black berry varieties cultivated. The name derives from Phokaia (Phokäa), an ancient and medieval Greek city on the west coast of Anatolia (today Foça in the Turkey ), which was colonized by the Ionians.

A red grape variety Fokiano has its origin in the south of the Aegean Cyclades and is considered the "real" variety of this name. Synonyms are Arigarades, Damaskino, Fokiana, Fokiano Kokkino, Fokiano Mavro, Giouroukiko, Ghiouroukiko, Iricaras, Irikaras, Phokiano Kokkineli and Phokiano Mavro. It is according to 2004 DNA analysis identical to the red berry variety Giouroukiko, which with the on Zakynthos cultivated white variety Skiadopoulo (color mutation by Fokiano) is identical. The assumption that the Turkish Iri Kara was also identical, was not confirmed by DNA analyzes carried out in 2006.

The early to medium ripening vine is generally resistant to vine diseases and drought, It produces rather low-color and low-acid red wines with plum and fig flavors. In 2010, a cultivated area of 262 hectares was shown with an increasing trend; In 2000 it was 162 hectares (Kym Anderson ).

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012

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