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Folle Blanche

The white grape comes from France. Synonyms are feeders ( Germany ); Amounedat, Bouillon, Chalosse Blanche, Canut du Lot et Garonne, Dame Blanc, Dame Blanche, Engreat Blanc, Enragé, Enrageat, Folle, Folle de Bordeaux, Folle Girodine, Fou, Grais, Grais Bouillon, Gros Plant, Petit Verjus, Piquepoul, Piquepoul du Gers, Picpoult d'Armagnac, Plant de Dame, Rochelle Blanche, Rochelle Verte, Saint-Émilion, Taloche du Lot, Talosse ( France ); Folle Bijeli ( Croatia ); Matza Zuri, Mune Mahatsa ( Spain ); Fehér Folle ( Hungary ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological No similarities to the varieties Claverie (Chalosse Blanche), feeder. Knipperlé (Rochelle Blanche) or Piquepoul Blanc be confused. It is also not a color mutation of varieties Fuella Nera. Jurançon Noir or Négrette (all synonymous with Folle Noire).

Folle Blanche - grape and leaf

According to in 2011 DNA analysis the variety comes from a presumably natural cross between Gouais Blanc x unknown partner. She is also a parent of the varieties Jurancon Blanc. Jurançon Noir. Merlot Blanc and Monbadon, as well as possibly Montils, It also became a close genetic relationship to the varieties Meslier Saint-François and Petit Meslier detected. Folle Blanche was also a crossing partner of the three new varieties Baco Blanc. Baco noir and Folignan,

The medium-ripening vine is sensitive to spring frosts and prone to Botrytis, Wrong mildew and black rot, It produces acidic white wines. The variety was first discovered in Chérac in 1696 ( Charente ) mentioned in southwestern France. It was previously widespread and was mainly used as a base wine for the distillation of cognac and Armagnac used. Through the Phylloxera disaster it was increasingly promoted by Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ) repressed. At the end of the 1950s, the area under vines in France was still 16,000 hectares. Today she is mainly at the Loire grown on 1,728 hectares. Under Gros Plant it is sorted in the Gros Plant du Pays Nantais used. In Spain it is also used for brandy under the names Matza Zuri and Mune Mahatsa. In 2010 a total of 1,803 hectares were registered.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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