The white grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are feeder ( Germany ); Amounedat, Chalosse Blanche, Canut du Lot et Garonne, Dame Blanche, Enragé, Enrageat, Folle, Folle de Bordeaux, Folle Girodine, Fou, Grais Bouillon, Gros Plant, Piquepoul, Piquepoul du Gers, Picpoult d'Armagnac, Plant de Dame, Saint-Emilion ( France ); Folle Bijeli ( Croatia ); Matza Zuri, Mune Mahatsa ( Spain ); Fehér Folle ( Hungary ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Claverie (Chalosse Blanche), feeder. Knipperlé (Ortlieber) or Piquepoul Blanc (Folle Girodine) are confused. It is also not a color mutation of the varieties Fuella Nera. Jurançon Noir or Négrette (all three synonymous with Folle Noire).
According to done in the year 2011 DNA analysis The variety comes from a presumably natural cross between Gouais blanc x unknown partner. She is also the parent of the species Jurançon Blanc. Jurançon Noir. Merlot Blanc and Monbadon, as well as possibly Montils, In addition, there was a close genetic relationship to the varieties Meslier Saint-François and Petit Meslier detected. Folle Blanche was also crossing partner of the three new breeds Baco Blanc. Baco Noir and Folignan,
The medium-ripening vine is sensitive to spring frosts, as well as prone to Botrytis, Wrong mildew and black rot, It produces acidic white wines. The variety was first recorded in 1696 in Chérac ( Charente ) in southwestern France. It was formerly widespread and was mainly used as a base wine for the distillation from cognac and Armagnac used. By the Phylloxera disaster it was increasingly by Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ) repressed. In the late 1950s, the vineyard in France was still 16,000 hectares. Today she is mainly at the Loire grown on 1.728 herktar. Under Gros Plant she is sorted in the Gros Plant du Pays Nantais used. In Spain, it is used under the name Matza Zuri and Mune Mahatsa partly also for brandy. In 2010, a total of 1,803 hectares were reported.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)