Wine adulteration or colloquially panthenon means consciously and deliberately against wine law Incorrect manipulation of the winemaking carried out with deceptive or fraudulent intent. Prohibited additions to the taste or the condition "improved" and thus falsely faked a certain or better quality, the quantities of high quality cry by mixing with simple, cheaply produced mass wine or just with water stretched, as well as incorrect labels even using real ones labels and / or bottles of wine under prestigious names or vintages be marketed.
In the history of viticulture there have always been different and often changing views regarding the question of what exactly should be considered as wine adulteration. What is considered pantchery today was perhaps only a few decades ago a widely practiced practice. Even today, some techniques are country-specific and especially in Europe towards the New world regulated differently. Three significant examples are the provisions regarding enrich. leavening and sweetening, The introduction of strict wine laws in many wine-producing countries starting with the end of the 19th century had a positive effect. They already existed for individual wine-growing regions. Of course, manipulation could not be prevented entirely.
The 18th in particular is considered the “century of wine scandals ". The enormous demand in England for port wine led to bottlenecks from 1730. Therefore on Douro simpler wines with alcohol, Elderberry juice, ginger. pepper. cinnamon and sugar added. The positive effect was that in 1756 the port wine area was declared one of the first protected areas and strict laws were passed. in the Bordeaux was widely used to blend the wines for the English market with simple, high-alcohol wines from other areas (Rhône, Spain). As in France through the Reblaus- and mildew Plage great lack of wine prevailed, was from 1880 in large quantities raisin wine manufactured. In the 19th century, Hungarian counterfeiting was widespread in many countries Tokay, there were even detailed recipes for this in books.
The big breakthrough in the fight against counterfeiting began with the definition of controlled origin or Origin designations, These are based on France with the...