The red grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Albanella Gentile, Brugnera, Brugnola, Canèna, Canina Nera, Cannina, Costa d'Oro, Forcella, Fortana Nera, Oliva, Orzese, Uva Canina, Uva Cornetta, Uva d'Oro di Comacchio, Uva Francese Nera, Uva Vecchia ( Italy ); Rapa ( Switzerland ). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Brugnola. Drupeggio (Canina) or Mazzese (Orcesis) to be confused. According to a legend, it should be from the Cote d'Or in the Burgundy originate, which could also indicate synonyms. According to legend, the vine was the daughter of King Louis XII. (1462-1515) brought to the Duchy of the Este family in Emilia-Romagna. However, this hypothesis has been refuted by DNA analysis. In any case, the vine was already mentioned in 1550 as the "Golden Grape" (Uva d'Oro).
According to in 2005 DNA analysis the Canina Nera and Rapa (from the Swiss canton of Ticino), which had previously been considered independent varieties, are identical. There is one Parent-offspring relationship to Lambrusco Maestri and a close relationship to Malbo Gentile, The late ripening, productive vine is susceptible to real ones mildew, It produces acidic and tannin-rich red wines with fruity aromas. The variety is mainly used in the Emilia-Romagna cultured. There it is, for example, in the DOC wines Bosco Eliceo. Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro. Lambrusco Mantovano and Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce authorized. In 2010, a total of 642 hectares of vineyards were reported in Italy with a strongly decreasing tendency, because ten years earlier there had been around twice as much (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service