The red grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Albanella Gentile, Brugnera, Brugnola, Canèna, Canina Nera, Cannina, Costa d'Oro, Forcella, Fortana Nera, Oliva, Orzese, Uva Canina, Uva Cornetta, Uva d'Oro di Comacchio, Uva Francese Nera, Uva Vecchia ( Italy ); Rapa ( Switzerland ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Brugnola. Drupeggio (Canina) or Mazzese (Orcese) are confused. According to a legend, she is said to be from the Côte d'Or in the Burgundy which could also indicate synonyms. According to legend, the vine was the daughter of King Louis XII. (1462-1515) brought to the Duchy of the Este family in Emilia-Romagna. However, this hypothesis has been refuted by DNA analysis. In any case, the vine was already mentioned in 1550 as the "Golden Grape" (Uva d'Oro).
According to done in 2005 DNA analysis are the so far valid as independent varieties Canina Nera and Rapa (from the Swiss canton of Ticino) identical. There is one Parent-offspring relationship to Lambrusco Maestri and a close relationship to Malbo Gentile, The late-ripening, high-yielding vine is prone to real mildew, It produces acid and tannic red wines with fruity aromas. The variety is mainly in the Emilia-Romagna cultivated. There she is for example in the DOC wines Bosco Eliceo. Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro. Lambrusco Mantovano and Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce authorized. In 2010, a total of 642 hectares of vineyards in Italy were reported with a strong declining trend, because ten years earlier, it had been around twice as much (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service