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DOCG area for spumante (sparkling wine) in the Italian region Lombardy, He was created in 1995. The still unclassified still wines were first summarized in the DOC area Terre di Franciacorta, which later in Curtefranca renamed to avoid the frequent confusion with the DOCG area. The identical with Curtefranca zone with approximately 2,800 hectares of vineyards completely covers the municipalities of Adro, Capriolo, Cellatica, Corte Franca, Erbusco, Gussago, Iseo, Monticelli Brusati, Ome, Paderno Franciacorta, Paratico, Passirano, Provaglio d'Iseo and Rodengo-Saiano, as well as parts of Brescia, Cazzago San Martino, Coccaglio, Cologne and Rovato, on the southern edge of Lake Iseo in the province of Brescia.

Franciacorta Vineyard - View of the municipality of Erbusco

The name comes from the Latin term "francae curtes" for the tax exemption of the local monasteries and pens. Due to the excellent sparkling wine, the area is also known as " Champagne Italy's "designates. The fame was given by the young winemaker Franco Ziliani based in the champagne house Moët et Chandon had learned. In 1961 he started at the winery Guido Berlucchi As a cellarmaster to produce sparkling wine and soon aroused attention with its quality. Many wineries followed, today there are about a hundred.

The sparkling wine was the very first classified as DOCG Spumante in Italy, exclusively by means of Metodo classico (ie bottle fermentation ) is produced. There are three variants of this. The Franciacorta is out Chardonnay and / or Pinot Nero ( Pinot Noir ), and optionally a maximum of 50% Pinot Bianco ( Pinot Blanc ) pressed. He must be at least 18 months on the yeast to store. Franciacorta Rosé must contain at least 25% Pinot Noir. Since 2017, a maximum of 10% of the autochthonous variety is allowed here Erbamat be used. He has to spend 24 months on the yeast. For the production of Franciacorta Satèn (dialect term for "velvety" or "silky", formerly Crémant ) Pinot Noir is not allowed. He also has to spend 24 months on the yeast. For all three wines the must alcohol content at least 11.5% vol.

a Millesimato (Vintage sparkling wine) is available from all three types. It is obtained from high quality grapes of special vintages (for example 85% of a vintage). He has to mature at least 30 months on the yeast. a Riserva There are also of all three wines. These must be stored for 60 months on the yeast. The Satén is only produced in "brut", the other two in dosaggio zero, extra brut, brut and extra dry.

Among the best known producers are Al Rocol, Antica Fratta, Bellavista, Berlucchi Bersi Serlini, Ca 'del Bosco, Castellino, Cavalleri, Cornaleto, Faccoli, Gatti, Lantieri de Paratico. Marchiopolo, Monte Rossa, La Montina, Barons Pizzini, Plozza, Uberti, Villa Franciacorta and Vezzoli.

Image: By Bertazzonipaolo - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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