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Franconia

The cultivation area lies on the northern edge of the federal state Bavaria in Germany and is from the Main flowing in a large W-shape. A special feature is that the Bavarian vineyards on Lake Constance around Lindau to the cultivation area Wuerttemberg belong. The vineyards cover 6,130 hectares of vineyards, which extend for the most part between Aschaffenburg and Schweinfurt. All the vineyards are on south facing valley slopes on the banks of the Main or created in side valleys of its tributaries. It is an ancient wine country, this proves a donation certificate from the year 777 to the monastery Fulda, to which the royal estate Hammelburg with eight vineyards (castle Saaleck with Schlossberg) was appropriated. From Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) is a Gemarkungs description between Randersacker and Würzburg from 14 October 779 documented.

The center of Franconia is not only the baroque town from a viticultural point of view Würzburg, where the famous vineyard "Würzburger stone "Is - probably one of the best known German single layers. A winged word in the Middle Ages was "Frankenwein ist sick wine ". The writer Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935) perceived the Franconian wine as "deep and pure as a bell". There is a continental climate with dry, warm summers and cold winters. Over 40% of the wines are in bocksbeutel bottled. This bottle shape is legally protected for Franconian quality wines and a wine route named after. An important Franconian viticulture pioneer was the owner Sebastian Englerth (1804-1880).

Map of the production area Franconia

Areas, communities and locations

Franconia used to be in the three areas Maindreieck. Mainviereck and Steigerwald structured with 23 major layers and 216 individual layers. In November 2011, a new regulation was adopted by the members of the Franconian Winegrowing Association. The three old areas are replaced by 12 much smaller ones. In the medium to long term, these will also replace the 23 major locations. The old areas once played a role in the predominant marketing of Franconian table wine, which they had lost for some time. The 12 new areas correspond mutatis mutandis to the valid since 2009 wine PDO (Protected Designation of Origin):

Main - river course with Maindreieck and Mainviereck

Abt Degen wine valley
The one after Alberich Degen (1625-1686), the abbot of Cistercian monastery Ebrach named area lies between Haßfurt and Bamberg in the northeast of the Steigerwald and on the southern edge of the Haßberge. The vineyards cover 115 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

  • Bamberg : Old ditch, Michaelsberg
  • Eltmann : Schlossleite
  • Hassfurt : Henneberg
  • Knetzgau-Oberschwappach : Sommertal
  • Krum : Kingdom of Heaven
  • Sand on the Main : Himmelsbühl, Kronberg
  • Schmachtenberg : Eulenberg
  • Staffelbach : Spitzelberg
  • Steinbach : Nonnenberg
  • Unfinden: chin Leitenberg
  • Unterhaid : Röthla
  • Ponds : Vineyards
  • Zeil am Main : Mönchshang, Pfarrerspflöckn
  • Ziegelanger : Oil beak

Alzenauer wine region
The area includes the vineyards of the city Aschaffenburg incl. OT dam and OT Obernau, the city Alzenau including OT Hörstein, OT Wasserlos, OT Michelbach and OT Dörsthofe, the market Hösbach incl. OT Rottenberg. The vineyards cover 90 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

  • Aschaffenburg : Badberg, Godelsberg, Pompejan
  • Hörstein : Abtsberg. Reuschenberg (Bulk layer)
  • Dorsthöfe : Aloisengarten
  • Michelbach : Aloisengarten, Apostelgarten, Steinberg
  • Obernau : Sanderberg
  • Rottenberg : Gräfenstein
  • Waterless : Lohmännchen, Schlossberg

Churfranken
The area extends along the Main, from Großostheim in the north to Weilbach in the south, and from Großostheim in the west to Dorfprozelten in the east. The vineyards cover 255 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

  • Bürgstadt : Centgrafenberg. dog back. Main hell
  • Dorfprozelten : Predigtstuhl
  • Engelberg : monastery garden
  • Erlenbach am Main : Hochberg
  • Grossheubach : Bischofsberg, Mainhölle, Steingrübler
  • Großostheim : Harstell, Reischklingeberg
  • Großwallstadt : Lützeltalerberg
  • Klingenberg am Main : Einsiedel, Hochberg, Schlossberg
  • Miltenberg : Stone brooder
  • Mömlingen : Orlis
  • Röllbach : Deutschordensberg
  • Back : Jesuit mountain, Johannisberg, Schalk
  • Wörth am Main : Campestres, Galgenbuckel

Frankens Saalestück
The area of Frankens Saalestück extends along the Franconian Saale with the city of Hammelburg and its districts in the center. The expansion takes place from Obererthal (north) to Hammelburg (south) or from Obereschenbach (west) to Ramsthal (east). The vineyards cover 155 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

  • Elfershausen : Schlossberg
  • Engenthal : Schlossberg
  • Feuerthal : Altenberg, cross
  • Fuchsstadt : Rubenhöll
  • Hammelburg : Altenberg, Heroldsberg. Trautlestal
  • Machtilshausen : summer guide
  • Ramsthal : St. Klausen
  • Saaleck : Schlossberg
  • Sulzthal : Schlangenberg, St. Klausen
  • Westheim : Altenberg, Langberg
  • Wirsthal : Scheinberg

Main Kingdom of Heaven
The area stretches from Marktheidenfeld in the north to Neubrunn, OT Böttigheim, in the south and from Kreuzwertheim in the west to Uettingen in the east. The vineyards cover 125 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

  • Böttigheim : Wurmberg
  • Erlenbach bei Marktheidenfeld : crow's beak
  • Homburg am Main : noblewoman, Kallmuth
  • Kreuzwertheim : Kaffelstein
  • Lengfurt : Old mountain. Oberrot
  • Marktheidenfeld : Kreuzberg
  • Remlingen : crow's beak, sunflower
  • Uettingen : Kirchberg

Main south
The area can be described as a triangle with the key points Würzburg, Frickenhausen am Main and Mainstockheim. It also includes the surfaces along the Tauber, The vineyards cover over 1,300 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

  • Albertshofen : Hergottsweg
  • Aub : lamb mountain
  • Buchbrunn : Hot stone
  • Eibelstadt : Mönchsleite, Kapellenberg, Steinbach
  • Frickenhausen : fisherman. chapel hill
  • Gerbrunn : Hummelberg
  • Kitzingen : Eherieder mountain, donkey mountain, Wilhelmsberg
  • Kleinochsenfurt : Herrenberg
  • Mainstockheim : Berg-Rondell, Hofstück
  • Marktbreit : Sonnenberg
  • Martinsheim : Langenstein
  • Obernbreit : Pulpit
  • Randersacker : Dabug, Lämmerberg, Marsberg. Pfülben. Sonnenstuhl. Teufelskeller
  • Repperndorf : Emperor Karl
  • Röttingen : flint
  • Segnitz : Pfaffensteig, Zobelsberg
  • Sickershausen : Storchenbrünnle
  • Sommerhausen : Reifenstein. Steinbach
  • Sulzfeld am Main : Cyriakusberg (with mountain I), Maustal. Sonnenberg
  • Tauberrettersheim : Queen
  • Theilheim : Altenberg
  • Winterhausen : Kaiser Wilhelm
  • Würzburg : Abtsleite, Fortress view, Inner strip. Pfaffenberg Schlossberg, stone (with stone harp)
  • Würzburg-Heidingsfeld : Kirchberg

Central Franconian Bocksbeutel street
The area extends from Rothenburg ob der Tauber in the south to Neundorf in the north and from Tauberzell in the west to Dietersheim in the east. The vineyards cover over 200 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

  • Bad Windsheim : Rosenberg
  • Ergersheim : Altenberg
  • Ickelheim : Schlosberg
  • Ingolstadt : Rotenberg
  • Ipsheim : Hoheneck Castle
  • Krassolzheim : Pfaffenberg
  • Market Nordheim : Hohenkottenheim
  • Neundorf : Hüssberg, Mönchsbuck, Sonneberg, Wonne, Rothenburg ob der Tauber : Eich
  • Tauberzell : Hasennestle
  • Ulsenheim : Huttenberg
  • Weimersheim : Red Mountain

Central Main
The area extends along the Main from Gemünden am Main in the north to Veitshöchheim in the south, the westernmost extent reaches the area near Greußenheim, the easternmost at Arnstein. The vineyards cover 760 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

  • Adelsberg : Wernleite
  • Erlabrunn : Weinsteig
  • Eußenheim : First
  • Gambach : Calfstone
  • Gemünden am Main : Scherenberg
  • Gössenheim : Homburg
  • Greußenheim : Geisberg
  • Güntersleben : summer chair
  • Halsheim : Bischofsberg
  • Heugrumbach : Bischofsberg
  • Himmelstadt : winepress
  • Karlstadt : In the stone
  • Laudenbach : castle
  • Leinach : Himmelberg
  • Margetshöchheim : Bärental
  • Müdesheim : Bischofsberg
  • Mühlbach : Fronberg
  • Oberleinach : Himmelberg, Weinsteig
  • Retzbach : Benediktusberg
  • Retzstadt : Langenberg (with won The shepherd and heavenly path)
  • Reuchelheim : Bischofsberg
  • Rimpar : Kobersberg
  • Stetten : stone
  • Thungersheim : Johannisberg ( won Erysipelas) Scharlachberg
  • Veitshöchheim : Sunshine, Wölflein
  • Meadow field : Herbstthal
  • Zellingen : Sonnleite

Schwanberger country
The area is limited by the cities and communities Tiefenstockheim (southwest), Mainbernheim, Rödelsee, Großlangheim, Kleinlangheim (northwest), Rüdenhausen, Abtswind (northeast), Castell OT Greuth and Markt Einersheim (southeast). Within this area are the city of Iphofen incl. OT Possenheim and the communities of Castell and Wiesenbronn. The vineyards cover 735 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

Volkacher Mainschleife
The area begins in the south at Dettelbach, includes the "wine island" with the municipalities Nordheim am Main and Sommerach and ends in the north at Wipfeld. The vineyards cover about 2,000 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

Franconia - Escherndorf Volkacher Mainschleife

  • Astheim : Carthusian
  • Bergtheim : harp playing
  • Dettelbach : Mountain Rondell, Sonnenleite
  • Escherndorf : mountain, Furstenberg. bounder
  • Frankenwinheim : Rosenberg
  • Gaiberg : Kapellenberg, castle park
  • Hallburg : Kreuzberg, Rosenberg, Schlossberg
  • Krautheim : Sonnenleite
  • Lindach : cross path
  • Mainberg : Schlossberg
  • Neuses on the mountain : bald
  • Nordheim : Kreuzberg, little bird
  • Obereisenheim : hell
  • Obervolkach : Landsknecht
  • Rimberg : Landsknecht
  • Swan field : Mühlberg
  • Schwarzenau : rose garden
  • Schweinfurt : Mainleite, Peterstirn
  • Sommerach : Katzenkopf. Rosenberg
  • Stammheim : Donkey Mountain
  • Untereisenheim : mountain, Sonnenberg
  • Vogelsburg : gate
  • Volkach : Carthusian. councilman
  • Waigolshausen (OT Theilheim) : Mainleite
  • Wipfeld : Zehntgraf
  • Zeilitzheim : Heiligenberg

Wine panorama Steigerwald
The southernmost town of the area is Prichsenstadt, the northernmost village of Donnersdorf. The widest expansion takes place at the height of Gerolzhofen (west) and Michelau in the Steigerwald (east). The vineyards cover 250 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

  • Altmannsdorf : Sonnenwinkel
  • Dingolshausen : charcoal burner
  • Falkenstein : Falkenberg
  • Gerolzhofen : Arlesgarten, Köhler
  • Handthal : Stollberg
  • Kammerforst : Devil
  • Kirchschönbach : Mariengarten
  • Michelau : full castle
  • Mönchstockheim : Mönchberg
  • Oberschwarzach : Herrenberg
  • Prichsenstadt : Crown
  • Wiebelsberg : Badger

Weinparadies
The area lies on the beach of the nature park Steigerwald. The vineyards cover about 285 hectares of vineyards. The municipalities with their individual layers:

  • Bullenheim : paradise
  • Hut home : Tannenberg
  • Ippesheim : dominion mountain
  • Seinsheim : Hohenbühl
  • Weigenheim : Hohenlandsberg

Blend

Compared to 2009, there were no major changes. The proportion of red wines has fallen slightly in line with the general trend. Müller-Thurgau, which was first planted here in Retzstadt in 1925, is still at the top, but has reduced its share from 42% to 25% in the last 20 years. The second rank of the "Green King" named "King of Franks" remained unchanged. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling Sylvaner White 1538 25.1 1809
Green Silvaner Sylvaner, Sylvaner White 1501 24.5 1301
Bacchus - White 750 12.3 747
Riesling White Riesling, Rhine Riesling White 336 5.5 302
Domina - red 322 5.3 349
Pinot Noir incl. SamtrotPinot Noir, Blue S., Pinot Noir red 263 4.3 254
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 195 3.2 124
Kerner - White 180 2.9 228
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 168 2.7 127
Dornfelder - red 139 2.3 155
regent - red 128 2.1 141
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 83 1.4 55
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 69 1.1 89
Acolon - red 50 0.8 50
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 50 0.8 72
Red Traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 43 0.7 36
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 36 0.6 9
Rieslaner - White 31 0.5 38
Chardonnay - White 24 0.4 12
Blue Silvaner - White 22 0.4 11
Cabernet Dorsa - red 18 0.3 21
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 16 0.3 16
Frühburgunder Blue Frühburgunder, Clevner red 16 0.3 15
Johanniter - White 16 0.3 11
Ortega - White 16 0.3 22
Yellow Muscat muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 11 0.2 3
Merlot - red 11 0.2 8th
pearl - White 8th 0.1 18
Cabernet Blanc - White 6 0.1 -
Limberger / Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 6 0.1 6
Solaris - White 6 0.1
Viognier White 6 0.1 -
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 4 0.1 3
Faberrebe - White 4 0.1 7
St. Laurent - red 4 0.1 4
Cabernet Mitos - red 3 0.1 3
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 2 - 1
Blauburger - red 2 - 2
Helios - White 2 - -
Morio Muscat Morio White 2 - 3
Muscaris - White 2 - -
Tauberschwarz Blue hanging man red 2 - 2
Albalonga - White 1 - 3
Cabernet Cubin - red 1 - 1
Cabernet Dorio - red 1 - 1
Goldmuskateller - White 1 - -
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 1 - 0
Huxelrebe - White 1 - 1
chancellor - White 1 - 1
Merzling - White 1 - 1
Phoenix - White 1 - 0
Pinotin - red 1 - -
rondo - red 1 - -
Schönburger - White 1 -
Würzer - White 1 - 1
Bronner - White 0 - 0
Cabernet Carol - red 0 - -
Cabernet Cortis - red 0 - 1
Bronner - White 0 - 0
Cabernet Franc - red 0 - 0
Cabertin - red 0 - -
Dakapo - red 0 - 0
Deckrot - red 0 - 0
dark fields - red 0 - 0
Ehrenfelser - White 0 - 1
Goldriesling - White 0 - -
Helfensteiner - White 0 - 1
Kernling - White 0 - -
malmsey Frühroter Veltliner White 0 - -
monarch - red 0 - -
Muscat Ottonel - White 0 - -
Optima Optima 113 White 0 - 2
Palas - red 0 - 0
prior - red 0 - -
Red Muscat Muscat Blanc. muscatel White 0 - -
Sauvignier Gris - White 0 - -
Siegerrebe - White 0 - 0
Syrah Shiraz red 0 - -
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 0 - -
White Gassedel Chasselas, Gutedel White 0 - 0
Fontanara - White - - 1
Marie Steiner - White - - 1
Osteiner - White - - 0
Pearl of Zala Zala Gyöngye White - - 0
principal - White - - 0
otherwise. white varieties - White 18 0.3 27
otherwise red varieties - red 3 0.1 5
WHITE VARIETIES 5,018 81.9 4904
RED VARIETIES 1112 18.1 1200
TOTAL 6130 100 6104


producers

Well-known producers are Arnold Wilhelm. Soon on. Bickel-Stumpf. Blink Michael. Bocksbeutel-Hof. Brown Heinz. Brown Waldemar. focal spot. Breunig. Brügel Harald. Bürgerspital. Burrlein. Dahms. Deppisch Johannes. DIVINO Nordheim Thungersheim. Emmerich Werner. Erhard Walter. Felshof - Wenninger. Fendt wine family. Fischer Joachim. Cheerful Clemens. Cheerful Michael. Princely Castell domain office. Prince Lowenstein. Prince Rudolf. Gobel Martin. Grebner - The patrician court. Gunther Harald. Hart private winery. Deppisch. Hemberger Roland. Höfler Bernd. Courtier Klaus. Hofmann Alois. Hofmann Helmut & Bernd. Hofmann Mario. Ilmbacher Hof. Juliusspital. Klingenberg. Krämer Hermann & Stephan. Kreglinger. Kremers Winzerhof. LandArt. Leininger Walter. Max Muller I. May Rudolf. Meier Markus. Reiss Christian. Römmert. Rothe Manfred. Roth Gerhard. Jerk Johann. Rudloff. Ruppert. Sauer Horst. Sauer Rainer. Schaffer Egon. Castle Sommerhausen. Schmachtenberger Berthold. Schmidt Frank & Lukas. Schmitts children. Schwab Thomas. State Hofkeller Würzburg. Steel Albrecht. Steinmann Artur. Sting Gerhard. Störrlein. Stritzinger. Dry smelt. Walter Josef. Weigand. Winery Am Lump. Winery Am Stein. Weinmanufaktur 3 lines. Wine of 3. Weltner Paul. Wrench Rainer. Winegrower family Koch. Winegrower Sommerach. Wirsching Hans. Woerner's castle. Zang Otmar. Zehnthof family Luckert. Zehnthof family Weickert. Zehntkeller. To the swan, Around 80% of the Bavarian winegrowers are in the Wine growing franc organized. A vintners association is Frank & Frei,

Map: By Lencer - own work, in co-operation with DieBuche , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Escherndorf: DWI (German Wine Institute)

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