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Franconia

The growing area is located on the northern edge of the state of Bavaria in Germany and is from Main flowed through in a large W shape. A special feature is that the Bavarian vineyards on Lake Constance around Lindau to the cultivation area Wuerttemberg belong. The vineyards cover 6,130 hectares of vineyards, most of which stretch between Aschaffenburg and Schweinfurt. All of the vineyards are located on south-facing valley slopes on the banks of the Main or in side valleys of its tributaries. It is an ancient wine country, as evidenced by a deed of donation from the year 777 to the Fulda monastery, to which the royal estate of Hammelburg with eight vineyards (Saaleck castle and castle hill) was assigned. From Kaiser Charlemagne (742-814) a district description between Randersacker and Würzburg from October 14, 779 is documented.

The center of Franconia is not only from the wine-growing point of view the baroque city Würzburg, where the famous vineyard “Würzburger stone “Is - probably one of the best-known German individual layers. A catchword in the Middle Ages was “Franconian wine is sick wine ". The writer Kurt Tucholsky (1890-1935) found the Franconian wine "deep and pure like a bell sound". There is a continental climate with dry, warm summers and cold winters. Over 40% of the wines are made in bocksbeutel bottled. This bottle shape is legally protected for Franconian quality wines and a wine route is named after it. A major Franconian wine pioneer was the winery owner Sebastian Englerth (1804-1880).

Map of the Franconia region

Areas, municipalities and locations

Franconia used to be in the three areas Maindreieck. Mainviereck and Steigerwald with 23 large layers and 216 individual layers. In November 2011 a new regulation was decided by the members of the Franconian Wine Association. The three old areas will be replaced by 12 much smaller ones. In the medium to long term, these will also replace the 23 large locations. The old areas once played a role in the predominant marketing of Franconian table wine, which they had lost for a long time. The 12 new areas correspond to the wine designation that has been valid since 2009 PDO (Protected Designation of Origin):

Main - course of the river with the Main Triangle and Mainviereck

Abbot Degen Weintal
According to Alberich Degen (1625-1686), the abbot of Cistercian monastery Ebrach named area lies between Haßfurt and Bamberg in the northeast of the Steigerwald and on the southern edge of the Haßberge. The vineyards cover 115 hectares. The communities with their individual locations:

  • Bamberg : Alter Graben, Michaelsberg
  • Eltmann : Castle manager
  • Hassfurt : Henneberg
  • Knetzgau-Oberschwappach : summer valley
  • Krum : Kingdom of Heaven
  • Sand am Main : Himmelsbühl, Kronberg
  • Schmachtenberg : Eulenberg
  • Staffelbach : Spitzelberg
  • Steinbach : Nonnenberg
  • Unfinden: chin Leitenberg
  • Unterhaid : Röthla
  • Pond : vineyards
  • Zeil am Main : Mönchshang, Pfarrerspflöckn
  • Ziegelanger : oil bill

Alzenau wine region
The area includes the vineyards of the city of Aschaffenburg including OT Damm and OT Obernau, the city of Alzenau including OT Hörstein, OT Wasserlos, OT Michelbach and OT Dörsthofe, the Hösbach market including OT Rottenberg. The vineyards cover 90 hectares of vineyards. The communities with their individual locations:

  • Aschaffenburg : Badberg, Godelsberg, Pompejaner
  • Hörstein : Abtsberg. Reuschenberg (Bulk layer)
  • Dorsthöfe : Alois garden
  • Michelbach : Alois garden, Apostelgarten, Steinberg
  • Obernau : Sanderberg
  • Rottenberg : Graefenstein
  • Waterless : Lohmännchen, Schlossberg

Churfranken
The area stretches along the Main, from Großostheim in the north to Weilbach in the south, and from Großostheim in the west to Dorfprozelten in the east. The vineyards cover 255 hectares. The communities with their individual locations:

  • Bürgstadt : Centgrafenberg. dog back. Main hell
  • Dorfprozelten : Predigtstuhl
  • Engelberg : monastery garden
  • Erlenbach am Main : Hochberg
  • Grossheubach : Bischofsberg, Main hell, stone brooders
  • Großostheim : Harstell, Reischklingeberg
  • Großwallstadt : Lützeltalerberg
  • Klingenberg am Main : Einsiedel, Hochberg, Schlossberg
  • Miltenberg : Stone brooder
  • Mömlingen : Orlis
  • Röllbach : Teutonic Order Mountain
  • Back : Jesuitenberg, Johannisberg, Schalk
  • Wörth am Main : Campestres, gallows hump

Frankens hall piece
The Frankens Saalestück area stretches along the Franconian Saale with the city of Hammelburg and its districts in the center. The expansion takes place from Obererthal (north) to Hammelburg (south) or from Obereschenbach (west) to Ramsthal (east). The vineyards cover 155 hectares of vineyards. The communities with their individual locations:

  • Elfershausen : Schlossberg
  • Engenthal : Schlossberg
  • Feuerthal : Altenberg, Kreuz
  • Fuchsstadt : Rubenhöll
  • Hammelburg : Altenberg, Heroldsberg. Trautlestal
  • Machtilshausen : Sommerleite
  • Ramsthal : St. Klausen
  • Saaleck : Schlossberg
  • Sulzthal : Schlangenberg, St. Klausen
  • Westheim : Altenberg, Längberg
  • Wirmsthal : Scheinberg

Main kingdom of heaven
The area extends from Marktheidenfeld in the north to Neubrunn, OT Böttigheim, in the south and from Kreuzwertheim in the west to Uettingen in the east. The vineyards cover 125 hectares. The communities with their individual locations:

  • Böttigheim : Wurmberg
  • Erlenbach near Marktheidenfeld : crow's beak
  • Homburg am Main : noblewoman, Kallmuth
  • Kreuzwertheim : Kaffelstein
  • Lengfurt : Old mountain. Oberrot
  • Marktheidenfeld : Kreuzberg
  • Remlingen : crow's beak, sun grove
  • Uettingen : Kirchberg

Main south
The area can be described as a triangle with the cornerstones of Würzburg, Frickenhausen am Main and Mainstockheim. It also covers the areas along the Tauber, The vineyards cover over 1,300 hectares of vineyards. The communities with their individual locations:

  • Albertshofen : Hergottsweg
  • Aub : Lamb mountain
  • Buchbrunn : Hot stone
  • Eibelstadt : Mönchsleite, Kapellenberg, Steinbach
  • Frickenhausen : fisherman. chapel hill
  • Gerbrunn : Hummelberg
  • Kitzingen : Eherieder Berg, Eselsberg, Wilhelmsberg
  • Kleinochsenfurt : Herrenberg
  • Mainstockheim : Berg-Rondell, Hofstück
  • Marktbreit : Sonnenberg
  • Martinsheim : Langenstein
  • Obernbreit : pulpit
  • Randersacker : Dabug, Lämmerberg, Marsberg. Pfülben. Sonnenstuhl. Teufelskeller
  • Repperndorf : Emperor Karl
  • Röttingen : flint
  • Segnitz : Pfaffensteig, Zobelsberg
  • Sickershausen : Storchenbrünnle
  • Sommerhausen : Reifenstein. Steinbach
  • Sulzfeld am Main : Cyriakusberg (with mountain I), Maustal. Sonnenberg
  • Tauberrettersheim : Queen
  • Theilheim : Altenberg
  • Winterhausen : Kaiser Wilhelm
  • Würzburg : Abtsleite Fortress view Inner bar. Pfaffenberg Castle hill stone (with stone harp)
  • Würzburg-Heidingsfeld : Kirchberg

Middle Franconian Bocksbbeutelstraße
The area extends from Rothenburg ob der Tauber in the south to Neundorf in the north and from Tauberzell in the west to Dietersheim in the east. The vineyards cover over 200 hectares of vineyards. The communities with their individual locations:

  • Bad Windsheim : Rosenberg
  • Ergersheim : Altenberg
  • Ickelheim : Schlosberg
  • Ingolstadt : Rotenberg
  • Ipsheim : Hoheneck Castle
  • Krassolzheim : Pfaffenberg
  • Markt-Nordheim : Hohenkottenheim
  • Neundorf : Hüßberg, Mönchsbuck, Sonneberg, Wonne, Rothenburg ob der Tauber : Eich
  • Tauberzell : Hasennestle
  • Ulsenheim : Huttenberg
  • Weimersheim : Red Mountain

Central Main
The area stretches along the Main from Gemünden am Main in the north to Veitshöchheim in the south, the area to the west at Greussenheim and the east to Arnstein. The vineyards cover 760 hectares. The communities with their individual locations:

  • Adelsberg : Wernleite
  • Erlabrunn : Weinsteig
  • Eussenheim : First
  • Gambach : Kalbenstein
  • Gemünden am Main : Scherenberg
  • Gössenheim : Homburg
  • Greussenheim : Geisberg
  • Güntersleben : summer chair
  • Halsheim : Bischofsberg
  • Heugrumbach : Bischofsberg
  • City of Heaven : Wine press
  • Karlstadt : In the stone
  • Laudenbach : castle
  • Leinach : Himmelberg
  • Margetshöchheim : Bärental
  • Müdesheim : Bischofsberg
  • Mühlbach : Fronberg
  • Oberleinach : Himmelberg, Weinsteig
  • Retzbach : Benediktusberg
  • Retzstadt : Langenberg (with won The shepherd and heavenly path)
  • Reuchelheim : Bischofsberg
  • Rimpar : Kobersberg
  • Stetten : stone
  • Thungersheim : Johannisberg ( won Erysipelas) Scharlachberg
  • Veitshöchheim : sunshine, wolves
  • Wiesenfeld : Herbstthal
  • Zellingen : Sonnleite

Schwanberger Land
The area is limited by the towns and municipalities of Tiefenstockheim (southwest), Mainbernheim, Rödelsee, Großlangheim, Kleinlangheim (northwest), Rüdenhausen, Abtswind (northeast), Castell OT Greuth and Markt Einersheim (southeast). Within this area are the city of Iphofen including OT Possenheim and the municipalities of Castell and Wiesenbronn. The vineyards cover 735 hectares. The communities with their individual locations:

Volkacher Main Loop
The area begins in the south at Dettelbach, includes the "wine island" with the municipalities of Nordheim am Main and Sommerach and ends in the north at Wipfeld. The vineyards cover around 2,000 hectares of vineyards. The communities with their individual locations:

Franconia - Escher village Volkacher Main loop

  • Astheim : Carthusian
  • Bergtheim : playing the harp
  • Dettelbach : Mountain Rondell, Sonnenleite
  • Escherndorf : mountain, Furstenberg. bounder
  • Frankenwinheim : Rosenberg
  • Gaiberg : Kapellenberg, castle park
  • Hallburg : Kreuzberg, Rosenberg, Schlossberg
  • Krautheim : Sonnenleite
  • Lindach : cross path
  • Mainberg : Schlossberg
  • Neuses on the mountain : bald head
  • Nordheim : Kreuzberg, little bird
  • Obereisenheim : hell
  • Obervolkach : Landsknecht
  • Rimberg : Landsknecht
  • Schwanfeld : Mühlberg
  • Schwarzenau : rose garden
  • Schweinfurt : Mainleite, Peterstirn
  • Sommerach : Katzenkopf. Rosenberg
  • Stammheim : donkey mountain
  • Untereisenheim : Berg, Sonnenberg
  • Vogelsburg : gate
  • Volkach : Carthusian. councilman
  • Waigolshausen (OT Theilheim) : Main line
  • Wipfeld : tithe count
  • Zeilitzheim : Heiligenberg

Steigerwald wine panorama
The southernmost town in the area is Prichsenstadt, the northernmost Donnersdorf. The widest extension is at Gerolzhofen (west) and Michelau in the Steigerwald (east). The vineyards cover 250 hectares. The communities with their individual locations:

  • Altmannsdorf : Sonnenwinkel
  • Dingolshausen : Koehler
  • Falkenstein : Falkenberg
  • Gerolzhofen : Arlesgarten, Köhler
  • Handthal : Stollberg
  • Kammerforst : Devil
  • Kirchschönbach : Mariengarten
  • Michelau : Vollburg
  • Mönchstockheim : Mönchberg
  • Oberschwarzach : Herrenberg
  • Prichsenstadt : Krone
  • Wiebelsberg : badger

Weinparadies
The area is on the western edge of the Steigerwald Nature Park. The vineyards cover around 285 hectares of vineyards. The communities with their individual locations:

  • Bullenheim : paradise
  • Hut home : Tannenberg
  • Ippesheim : Herrschaftsberg
  • Seinsheim : Hohenbuehl
  • Weigenheim : Hohenlandsberg

Blend

There were no major changes compared to 2009. According to the general trend, the proportion of red wine varieties has decreased slightly. Müller-Thurgau, planted here for the first time here in Retzstadt in 1925, is still at the top, but has reduced its share from 42% to 25% in the past 20 years. The second rank of the Green Silvaners, known as the “Frankens King”, remained unchanged. Status 2018 (0 = less than 0.5 ha):

vine
German main name
In Germany
Common synonyms
colour hectare
2018
% -
Ant
hectare
2009
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner, Riesling-Sylvaner White 1538 25.1 1809
Green Silvaner Sylvaner, Sylvaner White 1501 24.5 1301
Bacchus - White 750 12.3 747
Riesling White Riesling, Rheinriesling White 336 5.5 302
Domina - red 322 5.3 349
Pinot Noir incl. SamtrotPinot Noir, Blauer S., Pinot Noir red 263 4.3 254
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc White 195 3.2 124
Kerner - White 180 2.9 228
Scheurebe Seedling 88 White 168 2.7 127
Dornfelder - red 139 2.3 155
regent - red 128 2.1 141
Ruländer Pinot gris, Pinot Gris White 83 1.4 55
Müllerrebe Meunier, Pinot Meunier red 69 1.1 89
Acolon - red 50 0.8 50
Portuguese Blue Portuguese red 50 0.8 72
Red traminer Traminer / Gewurztraminer White 43 0.7 36
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner White 36 0.6 9
Rieslaner - White 31 0.5 38
Chardonnay - White 24 0.4 12
Blue Silvaner - White 22 0.4 11
Cabernet Dorsa - red 18 0.3 21
Blue Zweigelt Zweigelt, Rotburger red 16 0.3 16
Frühburgunder Blauer Frühburgunder, Clevner red 16 0.3 15
Johanniter - White 16 0.3 11
Ortega - White 16 0.3 22
Yellow muscatel muscatel / Muscat Blanc White 11 0.2 3
Merlot - red 11 0.2 8th
pearl - White 8th 0.1 18
Cabernet Blanc - White 6 0.1 -
Limberger / Lemberger Blaufränkisch, Blue Limberger red 6 0.1 6
Solaris - White 6 0.1
Viognier White 6 0.1 -
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 4 0.1 3
Faberrebe - White 4 0.1 7
St. Laurent - red 4 0.1 4
Cabernet Mitos - red 3 0.1 3
Auxerrois Little Heunisch White 2 - 1
Blauburger - red 2 - 2
Helios - White 2 - -
Morio Muscat Morio White 2 - 3
Muscaris - White 2 - -
Tauberschwarz Blue hangman red 2 - 2
Albalonga - White 1 - 3
Cabernet Cubin - red 1 - 1
Cabernet Dorio - red 1 - 1
Goldmuskateller - White 1 - -
Green Valtellina Weißgipfler White 1 - 0
Huxelrebe - White 1 - 1
chancellor - White 1 - 1
Merzling - White 1 - 1
Phoenix - White 1 - 0
Pinotin - red 1 - -
rondo - red 1 - -
Schönburger - White 1 -
Würzer - White 1 - 1
Bronner - White 0 - 0
Cabernet Carol - red 0 - -
Cabernet Cortis - red 0 - 1
Bronner - White 0 - 0
Cabernet Franc - red 0 - 0
Cabertin - red 0 - -
Dakapo - red 0 - 0
Deckrot - red 0 - 0
dark fields - red 0 - 0
Ehrenfelser - White 0 - 1
Goldriesling - White 0 - -
Helfensteiner - White 0 - 1
Kernling - White 0 - -
malmsey Frühroter Veltliner White 0 - -
monarch - red 0 - -
Muscat Ottonel - White 0 - -
Optima Optima 113 White 0 - 2
Palas - red 0 - 0
prior - red 0 - -
Red muscatel Muscat Blanc. muscatel White 0 - -
Sauvignier Gris - White 0 - -
Siegerrebe - White 0 - 0
Syrah Shiraz red 0 - -
White Elbling Elbling, Kleinberger White 0 - -
White Gutedel Chasselas, Gutedel White 0 - 0
Fontanara - White - - 1
Marie Steiner - White - - 1
Osteiner - White - - 0
Pearl of Zala Zala Gyöngye White - - 0
principal - White - - 0
otherwise. white varieties - White 18 0.3 27
otherwise. red varieties - red 3 0.1 5
WHITE VARIETIES 5,018 81.9 4904
RED VARIETIES 1112 18.1 1200
TOTAL 6130 100 6104


producers

Well-known producers are Arnold Wilhelm. Soon on. Bickel-Stumpf. Blendel Michael. Bocksbeutel-Hof. Braun Heinz. Braun Waldemar. focal spot. Breunig. Temple Harald. Bürgerspital. Burrlein. Dahms. Deppisch Johannes. DIVINO Nordheim Thüngersheim. Emmerich Werner. Erhard Walter. Felshof - Wenninger. Fendt wine family. Fischer Joachim. Cheerful Clemens. Cheerful Michael. Princely Castell's domain office. Prince Löwenstein. Prince Rudolf. Goebel Martin. Grebner - the patrician courtyard. Gunther Harald. Hart private winery. H. Deppisch. Hemberger Roland. Höfler Bernd. Courtier Klaus. Hofmann Alois. Hofmann Helmut & Bernd. Hofmann Mario. Ilmbacher Hof. Juliusspital. Klingenberg. Chandler Hermann & Stephan. Kreglinger. Kremers winery. LandArt. Leininger Walter. Max Müller I. May Rudolf. Meier Markus. Reiss Christian. Römmert. Rothe Manfred. Roth Gerhard. Jerk Johann. Rudloff. Ruppert. Sauer Horst. Sauer Rainer. Schäffer Egon. Sommerhausen Castle. Schmachtenberger Berthold. Schmidt Frank & Lukas. Schmitt's children. Schwab Thomas. State Court Cellar Wuerzburg. Stahl Albrecht. Steinmann Artur. Engraving Gerhard. Störrlein. Stritzinger. Dry smith. Walter Josef. Weigand. Am Lump Winery. Am Stein Winery. Wine factory 3 lines. Wine from 3rd. Weltner Paul. Wengerter Rainer. Winegrower family Koch. Vintner Sommerach. Wirsching Hans. Wörners castle. Zang Otmar. Tenth farm family Luckert. Tenth farm family Weickert. Zehntkeller. To the swan, Around 80% of Bavarian winegrowers are in the Franconian wine ring organized. A winegrowers' association is Frank & Frei,

Map: Von Lencer - own work, in Co-Operation with DieBuche , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Escherndorf: DWI (German Wine Institute)

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