Wine growing area in South Africa with the city of the same name about 60 kilometers east of Cape Town. The district has no wards and belongs to Coastal region, The place was made by in 1688 France displaced 200 Huguenots justified. The name means "French Corner" or "French Angle" (formerly Olifantshoek, because there were elephants there). Already a year earlier there had Dutch settlers under Simon van der Stel (1639-1712) built a 50 hectare farm. Jacques (Jacob) de Villiers (1661-1735) established vineyards and founded with his brothers a viticulture dynasty with, among other things, the winery Boschendal, The French quickly adapted, and after one generation, Afrikaans was spoken throughout.
The vineyards are located in an elongated valley protected from three sides by the Drakenstein mountain range. The rainfall is very high at over 1,000 millimeters a year, the climate conditions are therefore rather humid and relatively cool. It will be mainly the white wine varieties Sauvignon Blanc. Sémillon and Chardonnay, as well as the red wines Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot, Shiraz ( Syrah ) and Pinotage cultured. The wineries almost always have French names. Among the best known Allée Bleue (formerly Mere Rust), Bellingham (Bellinchamp), Boekenhoutskloof, the historically significant Boschendal, Cabrière, Haute Provence, La Motte, L'Ormarins and Von Ortloff. Franschhoek is also considered the gastronomic center of South Africa.