Wine growing area in South Africa with the city of the same name about 60 kilometers east of Cape Town. The district has no wards and belongs to the Coastal region, The place was dating from in 1688 France expelled 200 Huguenots. The name means "French corner" or "French corner" (formerly Olifantshoek, because elephants lived there). Dutch settlers had been living there a year earlier Simon van der Stel (1639-1712) built a 50 hectare farm. Jacques (Jacob) de Villiers (1661-1735) laid out vineyards and founded a wine-growing dynasty with his brothers, including the winery Boschendal, The French quickly adapted, and after one generation Afrikaans was spoken throughout.
The vineyards are located in an elongated valley protected by the Drakenstein mountain range on three sides. Rainfall is very high at over 1,000 millimeters a year, so the climate is rather humid and relatively cool. It is mainly the white wine varieties Sauvignon Blanc. Sémillon and Chardonnay, as well as the red wine varieties Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot, Shiraz ( Syrah ) and Pinotage cultured. Almost all of the wineries have French names. The best known are Allée Bleue (formerly Mere Rust), Bellingham (Bellinchamp), Boekenhoutskloof, the historically significant Boschendal, Cabrière, Haute Provence, La Motte, L'Ormarins and Von Ortloff. Franschhoek is also considered the gastronomic center of South Africa.