The Prussian King Friedrich II, posthumously "The Great" (1712-1786) was one of the greatest wine lovers of his time. In 1769 on the southern slope of the Klausberg in Sanssouci Park in Potsdam ( Brandenburg ) an extensive nursery. The orchard or vineyard was in six broad terraces structured with retaining walls and planted with foreign fruit and grape varieties. The origin of the vineyard probably goes back to a Grenadier of the Prussian guard named Werley. The latter had suggested setting up a Rhineland-style vineyard. However, earnings fell short of expectations. From 1770 to 1772 the famous Belvedere was built on the Klausberg. In his will, Frederick II determined that he should be buried in a crypt at the height of the terraces ( without pomp, without pomp, at night ) ( If I am there, I will be without worry ). However, his nephew and successor Friedrich Wilhelm II (1744-1797) had him buried in the Potsdam garrison church. It was only in 1991 that he received the final resting place he wanted.
A wine cellar was built under the eastern side wing under Frederick II. After a 140-year sleep, it was opened to the public again in 2004 after a seven-month restoration. The three-storey iron bottle rack was refilled with all those fine wines that were drunk in the round table of Friedrich II and later at the court of Friedrich Wilhelm IV (1795-1861). These were local wines from Rhine. Moselle and Saar, as well as from France. Hungary and South Africa, To the favorite wines Frederick II primarily counted Pinot Gris from Rheinhessen ( Pinot gris ), and French Bergerac, Hungarian Tokaj and South African Constantia,
At the Vienna Congress in 1815, the former Kurtrier region was added to the Prussian state. At the beginning of the 19th century, the royal, Prussian government took various measures to improve the economic situation of the Moselle winegrowers. This includes the classification of vineyards with the Prussian location classification, the foundation of the winegrowing association and the establishment of three winegrowing domains on the Moselle and Saar. Prussian winegrowing on Mosel-Saar-Ruwer was considerably favored by a wine tariff and a heyday began. The Moselle Riesling became extremely popular and the prices for wines from the Moselle, Saar and Ruwer clearly exceeded those of the already famous at that time Bordeaux,
After the end of the monarchy in 1918, the complex on the Klausberg fell into a deep sleep. In April 1945, during the last weeks of the Second World War, artillery bombardment caused severe damage to the buildings and the entire complex. In 2006, the first 30 apple trees were planted on the Royal Vineyard through the initiative of the “Mosaic Workshops for the Disabled” and the “Prussian Palaces and Gardens Berlin-Brandenburg Foundation”. After that, the two grape varieties were also grown Phoenix and regent grown and the first wine made in 2012. In 2014 it was decided to let the Royal Vineyard bloom again in its old glory for its 250th anniversary in 2019. The Moselle winery provides technical support Friedrich-Wilhelm Gymnasium from Trier, whose namesake Friedrich Wilhelm III. (1770-1840) was born at Sanssouci Palace. In Friedrich's sense, not only winemakers, but all wine lovers can participate in the reconstruction. Via the website "Royal Vineyard" you can use a so-called Rebstock sponsorships can be purchased for one or more vines.
lower row of pictures: Mosaik-WfB gGmbH