The Prussian King Frederick II, posthumously "The Great" (1712-1786) was one of the greatest wine lovers of his time. In 1769, on the southern slope of the Klausberg in the park Sanssouci in Potsdam ( Brandenburg ) created a spacious nursery. The fruit or vineyard was in six wide terraces structured with retaining walls and was planted with foreign fruit and grape varieties. The emergence of the vineyard probably goes back to a grenadier of the Prussian guard named Werley. This had suggested to set up a vineyard in the Rhineland style. However, earnings were below expectations. From 1770 to 1772 the famous Belvedere was built on the Klausberg. By william Frederick II., That he should be buried at the height of the terraces in a tomb ( without pomp, without pomp, at night ), ( If I am there, I will be without worry ). However, his nephew and successor Friedrich Wilhelm II (1744-1797) had him buried in the Potsdam garrison church. Only in 1991 he received the desired final resting place.
Even under Frederick II, a wine cellar was created under the eastern wing. After a 140-year hibernation, it was reopened to the public after a seven-month restoration in 2004. The three-storey iron bottle rack was again filled with all those noble wines, as they were drunk in the round table of Frederick II and later at the court of Frederick William IV (1795-1861). These were local wines from Rhine. Moselle and Saar, as well as out France. Hungary and South Africa, To the favorite wines Frederick II counted mainly Rhenish-Hessian Pinot Gris ( Pinot gris ), as well as French Bergerac, Hungarian Tokaj and South African Constantia,
At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the formerly Kurtrier territory was added to the Prussian state. At the beginning of the 19th century, there were various measures taken by the royal, Prussian government to improve the economic situation of Moselle winemakers. These include the classification of vineyard locations with the Prussian layer classification, the foundation of the winegrowing association and the establishment of three winegrowing domains at Moselle and Saar. By a tariff of wine, Prussian winegrowing at Mosel-Saar-Ruwer was greatly favored and a heyday was initiated. The Moselle Riesling became immensely popular and the prices for wines from the Mosel, Saar and Ruwer far surpassed those of the already famous Bordeaux,
After the end of the monarchy in 1918, the plant on the Klausberg fell into a deep sleep. During the last weeks of the Second World War, artillery fire caused severe damage to the buildings and the entire facility in April 1945. In 2006 the first 30 apple trees were planted on the Royal Vineyard through the initiative of the "Mosaic Workshops for the Disabled" as well as the "Foundation Prussian Palaces and Gardens Berlin-Brandenburg". After that were also the two grape varieties Phoenix and regent grown and 2012 the first wine pressed. In 2014, it was decided to let the Royal Vineyard bloom again to its 250th anniversary in 2019 in the old glory. Specialist support is provided by the Moselle vineyard Friedrich-Wilhelm Gymnasium from Trier, whose eponym Friedrich Wilhelm III. (1770-1840) was born at Sanssouci Palace. In the spirit of Friedrich not only winemakers, but all wine lovers can participate in the reconstruction. The website "Royal Vineyard" can be used as part of a so-called Rebstock sponsorships be purchased for one or more vines.
bottom row of pictures: Mosaik-WfB gGmbH