The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Freisa del Piemonte, Freisa di Chieri, Freisa Grossa, Freisa Piccola, Freisetta, Fresia, Marchesana, Monferrina, Mounfrina and Spannina. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Fumin (long considered identical), Neretta Cuneese (Freisa Grossa) or Neretto Nostrano (Freisa Blu) can be confused. According to 2004 DNA analysis there is one Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Nebbiolo, There are close relationships to the varieties Rèze (Switzerland), Vespolina (Italy) and Viognier (France).
Freisa is one of the oldest varieties in Piedmont; it was already in the 15th century. called. The first reliable mention in the form of an ampelographic description by Giuseppe Nuvolone Pergamo was only in 1787. The Italian King Viktor Emanuel II (1820-1878) counted Freisa among his favorite wines, The medium-ripening vine tends to Verrieseln, It produces light red, acidic and tannin-rich red wines with aromas of strawberries and raspberries and, when dry, easily salty and bitter Taste.
The variety is mainly grown in Piedmont in the provinces Asti, Cuneo and Torino grown. There is in numerous DOC areas such. B. in those named and dominated after her Freisa d'Asti and Freisa di Chieri, in the DOCG Barbera d'Asti, as well as in some Nebbiolo and Barbera dominated wines such as Rubino di Cantavenna approved as a waste. There are further stocks in the aosta Valley and in Veneto, The area under cultivation in Italy is 1,041 hectares with a downward trend. There are small stocks in the Swiss canton Ticino, in Argentina (7 ha), Brazil (1 ha) and in California, In 2010, a total of 1,049 hectares of vineyards were reported.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service