The red grape variety comes from Italy, Synonyms are Freisa del Piemonte, Freisa di Chieri, Freisa Grossa, Freisa Piccola, Freisetta, Fresia, Marchesana, Monferrina, Mounfrina and Spannina. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Fumin (which was long considered identical), Neretta Cuneese (Freisa Grossa) or Neretto Nostrano (Freisa Blu). According to done in 2004 DNA analysis exists one Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Nebbiolo, There are close affinities to the varieties Rèze (Switzerland), Vespolina (Italy) and Viognier (France).
Freisa is one of the oldest varieties in Piedmont; it was already in the 15th century. called. However, the first reliable mention in the form of an ampelographic description by Giuseppe Nuvolone Pergamo did not exist until 1787. The Italian King Victor Emmanuel II (1820-1878) counted Freisa among his favorite wines, The medium-maturing vine tends to Verrieseln, It produces bright red, acid and tannin-rich red wines with aromas of strawberries and raspberries and dry when dry salty and bitter Taste.
The variety is mainly in the Piedmont in the provinces Asti, Cuneo and Torino grown. There is in many DOC areas such. B. in the named after her and dominated Freisa d'Asti and Freisa di Chieri, in the DOCG Barbera d'Asti, as well as in some Nebbiolo and Barbera-dominated wines such as Rubino di Cantavenna approved as a blend. More stocks are also available in the aosta Valley and in Veneto, The acreage in Italy is 1,041 hectares, with a downward trend. Small stocks exist in the Swiss canton Ticino, in Argentina (7 ha), Brazil (1 ha) and in California, In 2010, a total of 1,049 hectares of vineyards were reported.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service