The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

23.062 Keywords • 48.235 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.368 Pronunciations • 155.291 Cross-references

0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


The red grape variety (also Minnesota 1047) is a complex interspecific new variety between Landot 4511(Landot Noir) x Riparia 89, containing genes from Vitis aestivalis, Vitis berlandieri, Vitis cinerea, Vitis labrusca, Vitis lincecumii, Vitis riparia, Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera. The crossing of the hybrids was done by Peter Hemstad and James Luby in 1978 at the University of Minnesota. He had found the sire strain at Jordan in Minnesota. The plant variety protection was granted in 1996. Two color mutations are the white-berry Frontenac Gris discovered in 1992 and the reddish-berry Frontenac Blanc discovered in 2005.

Frontenac - Weintraube und Blatt

The medium to late ripening vine is generally resistant to vine diseases, but above all downy mildew and extremely frost hardy down to minus 34 °Celsius. It yields red wines full of character and acidity with aromas of blackcurrants, cherries and plums without foxton. These are used for the production of red and rosé wines as well as fortified wines in port style. The variety is cultivated in the USA in the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska and Nevada on a total of 135 hectares of vineyards. And the Frontenac Gris variety occupies 59 hectares in Iowa, Minnesota and South Dakota (Kym Anderson).

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

World's largest wine knowledge database, made with by our author Norbert Tischelmayer.

About the Glossary

Calendar EVENTS NEAR YOU To Online-Events

Privacy Notice: ×

Cookies facilitate the provision of our services. By using our services, you agree that we use cookies.