The red grape variety probably comes from France. There are around 120 synonyms that indicate old age. Some of them are grouped alphabetically by country: Augustclevner, Augustklevner, Augustiner, Augusttraube, Blauer Augustiner, Blauer Frühburgunder, Frauentagtraube, Frauentree, Frühblaue, Früher Blauer Burgunder, Frühschwarze, Jakobstraube, Juliustraube, Möhrchen, Schwarzer Frühiger Burgunder ( Germany and / or Austria ); Jacobstraube ( Alsace ); Black Inly, Early Black Cluster, July Grape ( England ); Ischia, Madeleine Noir, Maurillon Hâtif, Morillon Noir Hâtif, Morillon Parisien, Petit Morillon Hâtif, Pinot Hâtif de Rilly, Pinot Madeleine, Pinot Noir Précoce, Pinot Précoce, Pinot Précoce Noir, Raisin de la Madeleine, Vigne d'Ischia France ); Luglienga Nera, Luviana Veronese, Maddalena Nera, Uva de Trivolte ( Italy ); Blue Pinot Noir ( Switzerland ); Burgundy Modre Rane ( Slovakia. Czech Republic ); Juliusi Szölö, Korai Kék Kisburgundi, Szent Anna Szölö ( Hungary ).
It is about a mutation of Pinot Noir; it is one of them Pinot varieties (see there in detail). The name refers to the approximately two weeks earlier ripeness compared to the starting variety, which in this context is typically called Pinot Noir in German. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities to the early ripening varieties Abouriou (Jacob Straube) Franc Noir de la Haute-Saone or St. Laurent (Laurence dove) can be confused.
From a seedling was founded in 1845 Madeleine Royale bred. The openly bloomed seedling Muscat Précoce de Saumur turned out to be a cross with Muscat Blanc out. The vine was also a crossing partner of the new varieties Helfensteiner. Mairam and Volta, In 2005 she was accepted as a "passenger" of the "Ark of Taste". It is one of the Slow food excellent foods that are to be protected / preserved from the risks posed by industrial agriculture and the food industry.
Under her synonyms she was e.g. B. 1690 (Morillon Noir Hâtif) and 1762 (Madeleine Noir), under Pinot Noir Précoce by the ampelographer Giuseppe di Rovasenda (1824-1913) but only mentioned in 1877. The very early ripening, low-yielding vine is susceptible to Verrieseln, however, due to the thick-skinned berries resistant to Botrytis, It produces ruby-red, extract-rich, fruity red wines with aromas of cherries and blackberries, but less storage potential than Pinot Noir.
In the German growing area Ahr Early Burgundy was one of the most frequently cultivated varieties at the beginning of the 20th century. Low yields, tendency to trickle and infestation virus led to the fact that in the 1960s, with only 15 hectares, the variety was almost extinct. In the mid-1970s, it was then used by the research institute Geisenheim revived by resilient Clones selected and built. In 2009 she already occupied 256 hectares of vineyards in Germany, mostly in the three growing areas Ahr. palatinate and Rheinhessen, There are also small stocks in Austria, in the Switzerland and in England (19 ha). In 2010 a total of 275 hectares were recorded (cym Anderson ).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)